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Abortion in the Public Discourse

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Abortion and Catholicism in Britain
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Abstract

This chapter sets out the broader context for understanding abortion, beginning with general attitudes to abortion and the legal framework in England, Scotland and Wales. The chapter outlines key Catholic doctrine on abortion. Although opposition to abortion has been closely associated with Catholicism, Catholic unity on the issue of abortion historically is a bit of a myth. The chapter also details our conceptualisation of ultra-sacrificial motherhood which is important in framing how those opposed to abortion understand the role of women. We illustrate this through St Gianna Molla. Finally, we set out the global position taken by the Vatican regarding abortion, with particular reference to the Church’s framework of ‘gender ideology’. This has an important influence on the understanding of the issues, even when the Church has no direct involvement in things like campaigning or policy advocating.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Legal challenges obviously need to follow legal conventions, and thus use legal rather than religious arguments in court. However, it is clear that in many cases, the motivations are due to religious beliefs about abortion, and this shapes the underlying arguments that are made. For a good example of how biography shapes cases, see Sheldon (2024).

  2. 2.

    Most women with fibroids do not experience any serious complications (NHS, 2022). During pregnancy, it can lead to pain and carries higher risk of miscarriage and premature birth. Depending on the position, it may be necessary to perform a caesarean section. It is not clear in many accounts exactly why St Gianna needed invasive treatment, but nevertheless, an operation was performed during early pregnancy.

  3. 3.

    Parliament is made up of two chambers, the elected House of Commons and the unelected House of Lords. Members of the House of Lords include political appointments, hereditary peers and the Lords Spiritual, places reserved for 26 Church of England bishops (approx. 3.5 per cent of members) (Russell, 2013). Members of other religions can be appointed, and they are known as the Lords Temporal, although to date, this has not included any Catholic clergy. When the possibility of becoming Lords Temporal was discussed at a Catholic Bishops’ Conference, it was declined as being appointed was seen as being in conflict with Canon Law (Lord Wakeham, 2000). While having an unelected second chamber and religious seats, in particular, have been widely criticised in the UK, to date reforms have been extremely limited (Russell, 2013).

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Page, SJ., Lowe, P. (2024). Abortion in the Public Discourse. In: Abortion and Catholicism in Britain. Palgrave Studies in Lived Religion and Societal Challenges. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-54692-1_2

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