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Abstract

This chapter presents the second stage (B) of the Equivalence Thesis in relation to the case law on s. 76(2)(b) (the impersonation provision) of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Linking impersonation of one’s earlier self with impersonation of a fictitious other person, it engages in normative argument to show that the common law approach unjustly favours the deceiver in such cases. The motivating intuition is that it is morally unappealing to allow the victim to be worse off the more effectively she has been deceived.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    [2008] EWCA Crim 527.

  2. 2.

    Simester et al. (2016), p. 476.

  3. 3.

    Stump (2010), p. 53.

  4. 4.

    Simester et al. (2016), p. 477. Whilst I agree that this is among the meanings of ‘personally,’ I explore another meaning later in the chapter.

  5. 5.

    [2007] EWCA Crim 1699.

  6. 6.

    [2013] EWCA Crim 823.

  7. 7.

    Horder (1999), p. 106.

  8. 8.

    Herring (2014).

  9. 9.

    Benton (2017), p. 827.

  10. 10.

    Matheson (2010), p. 434.

  11. 11.

    Arguably, nor should she be expected to do so.

  12. 12.

    And which can be expected to feature strongly in future cases given the proliferation of social media use.

  13. 13.

    Law Commission Report No. 237 (1996).

  14. 14.

    Honoré (1999).

  15. 15.

    Gardner (1996), para 4.37.

  16. 16.

    Madden Dempsey and Herring (2007).

  17. 17.

    [2019] EWCA Crim 557, [2019] QB 1063.

  18. 18.

    Kaufman (2000), p. 94.

  19. 19.

    MacMillan (2005), p. 711.

  20. 20.

    Ibid, p. 742.

  21. 21.

    Ibid, p. 742.

  22. 22.

    [2018] EWHC 3508 (Admin), [2019] QB 1019.

  23. 23.

    Devonald (n 1).

  24. 24.

    Per s 76(2)(b), SOA 2003.

  25. 25.

    For example, there might be little wrong with deception that corresponds to points close to each other on the continuum, such as (1) and (2), but far more wrong with pretending not to know someone while, in fact, knowing them intimately—point (1) on the continuum and non-personal knowing, which is outside of the continuum.

  26. 26.

    Although the provision does not reflect this nuance in terms of degrees of personal knowing.

  27. 27.

    Devonald (n 1).

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Appendices

Reports

  • Law Commission, Legislating the criminal code: Involuntary manslaughter (Law Com No 237, 1996) (London: HMSO)

Legislation

  • Sexual Offences Act 2003, s. 76(2)(b)

Cases

  • R v B [2013] EWCA Crim 823

  • R v Jheeta [2007] EWCA Crim 1699

  • R (Monica) v DPP [2018] EWHC 3508 (Admin), [2019] QB 1019

  • R v Devonald [2008] EWCA Crim 527

  • R v Melin [2019] EWCA Crim 557, [2019] QB 1063

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Farah, R. (2023). Equivalence Thesis: Stage B. In: Rereading Identity Deception in the UK Sexual Offences Act 2003. SpringerBriefs in Law. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-44475-3_8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-44475-3_8

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-44474-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-44475-3

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