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Cotton fiber is known as the white gold of India and every state thrives on it in many ways: farming, textile, craft, or basic utility products. A shift in the popularity of cotton is seen in the twenty-first century which came up with unprecedented opportunity in terms of technology and new material due to the harmful environmental effects of cotton. Search and application of new fibers such as bamboo, linen, banana, jute, ramie, pineapple, hemp, and lotus by the textile and fashion industry has made these fibers as some of the important alternatives for cotton due to their additional advantage not only as a textile material but also due to their sustainable developmental life cycle. This chapter is a compilation of many studies and researches conducted in the field of sustainable alternatives for cotton, and it explores the ability and inability of these fibers to substitute cotton.

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Gupta, V., Gupta, S. (2023). Cotton Fiber and Its Sustainable Alternatives. In: Muthu, S.S. (eds) Novel Sustainable Raw Material Alternatives for the Textiles and Fashion Industry. Sustainable Textiles: Production, Processing, Manufacturing & Chemistry. Springer, Cham.

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