Skip to main content


Evaluation in Taiwan has history reaching back as far as Imperial Chinese time, with the current framework dating to the post-World War II decades and the island’s democratisation in the 1990s and 2000s. Evaluation is institutionalised on a constitutional level, as well as national laws and sectoral regulations. Both external and self-evaluation are practised, and in many sectors they are compulsory. As such, evaluation is an omni-present phenomenon in Taiwan, and numerous actors, ranging from government agencies to NGOs entrusted by the government and finally societal groups, are involved in the process of evaluation. Evaluation in Taiwan is also well-connected with regional and international counterparts. At the same time, evaluation as an academic discipline of its own is still in its infancy and requires further development.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. 1.

    Portuguese sailors passed Taiwan in 1542 on their ship. Due to its beautiful landscape as seen from the sea they named the island “Ilha Formosa,” meaning “beautiful island” in Portuguese. Taiwan was commonly known as Formosa in the Western world until after World War II (Heylen, 2012).

  2. 2.

    Austronesian tribes are the original inhabitants of Taiwan with a history dating back to at least 3,000 B.C.; Han Chinese first settled in Taiwan in the seventeenth Century, with major waves occurring in the nineteenth Century during the Qing Dynasty and the aftermath of the Chinese Civil War in 1949.

  3. 3.

    The economies of Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong, and Singapore recorded extraordinary economic growth in the second half of the twentieth Century and came to be known as the Four Asian Tigers (Van den Berg & Lewer, 2015).

  4. 4.

    Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 748 (司法院釋字第748號解釋).

  5. 5.

    In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, and in 1932, Japan annexed Manchuria; this was followed by further annexations in the course of World War II, e.g., the Philippines in 1942 (Yellen, 2019).

  6. 6.

    Laws and Regulations Database (全國法規資料庫): Accessed on 18 September 2023.

  7. 7.

    As a caveat, it should be mentioned that the Chinese word for “evaluation” (評鑑) is not clearly delineated from the term “assessment”, and thus each law, regulation, and statute needs to be judged by itself.

  8. 8. Accessed on 9 November 2021.

  9. 9. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  10. 10. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  11. 11. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  12. 12. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  13. 13. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  14. 14.年度績效評鑑報告.pdf. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  15. 15. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  16. 16.,2&mcustomize=multimessages_view.jsp&dataserno=202107060001&aplistdn=ou=data,ou=bulletin,ou=chinese,ou=ap_root,o=motc,c=tw&toolsflag=Y&imgfolder=img%2Fstandard. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  17. 17. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  18. 18. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  19. 19. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  20. 20. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  21. 21. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  22. 22.

    Please note that it is important to differentiate here: While audits and performance audits are well-known and are demanded as long as citizens’ immediate interests are concerned, evaluation in the narrower sense is rather unknown and accordingly not very much in demand by civil society.

    Editor’s note: It should be noted that in Taiwan civic demand is often expressed as a general request for (evaluative) evidence, which underlines the strong civic tradition and civil society’s appreciation of accountability.

  23. 23. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  24. 24. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  25. 25. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

  26. 26. Accessed on 20 November 2021.


Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Chi-Yeh Yung .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Yung, CY., Fell, J., Guo, JJ. (2023). Evaluation in Taiwan. In: Stockmann, R., Meyer, W., Zierke, N. (eds) The Institutionalisation of Evaluation in Asia-Pacific. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics