Skip to main content

Robust Hybrid Beamforming for Full-Duplex OFDM mmWave Systems with Partially-Connected Structure

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Communications and Networking (ChinaCom 2022)


In this paper, a full-duplex orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) millimeter wave systems with correlated estimation errors and partially-connected structures is investigated to improve the spectral efficiency and energy efficiency. To attenuate the self-interference caused by full-duplex mode, a zero-space projection based method is proposed. Then, a two-stage hybrid beamforming scheme is developed. In the fist stage, the correlated channel estimation errors are considered to design the robust fully digital beamformers. In the second stage, an alternating algorithm with closed-form solutions is proposed to solve the hybrid processors. The numerical results show that the proposed scheme has superior performance over existing designs.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Heath, R.W., Jr., Gonzalez-Prelcic, N., Rangan, S., Roh, W., Sayeed, A.M.: An overview of signal processing techniques for millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process. 10, 436–453 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Xia, X., Xu, K., Wang, Y., Xu, Y.: A 5G-enabling technology: benefits, feasibility, and limitations of in-band full-duplex mMIMO. IEEE Veh. Technol. Mag. 13(3), 81–90 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Xia, X., Xu, K., Wang, Y., Xu, Y.: Beam-domain full-duplex massive MIMO: realizing co-time co-frequency uplink and downlink transmission in the cellular system. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 66(10), 8845–8862 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Xu, K., Shen, Z., Wang, Y., Xia, X., Zhang, D.: Hybrid time-switching and power splitting SWIPT for full-duplex massive MIMO systems: a beam-domain approach. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 67(8), 7257–7274 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Xiao, Z., Xia, P., Xia, X.-G.: Full-duplex millimeter-wave communication. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 24(6), 136–143 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Zhang, Y., Xiao, M., Han, S., Skoglund, M., Meng, W.: On precoding and energy efficiency of full-duplex millimeter-wave relays. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 18(3), 1943–1956 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Satyanarayana, K., El-Hajjar, M., Kuo, P.-H., Mourad, A., Hanzo, L.: Hybrid beamforming design for full-duplex millimeter wave communication. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 68(2), 1394–1404 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Satyanarayana, K., El-Hajjar, M., Mourad, A., Hanzo, L.: Multi-user full duplex transceiver design for mmWave systems using learning-aided channel prediction. IEEE Access 7, 66068–66083 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Garcia-Rodriguez, A., Venkateswaran, V., Rulikowski, P., Masouros, C.: Hybrid analog-digital precoding revisited under realistic RF modeling. IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett. 5(5), 528–531 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. El Ayach, O., Heath, R.W., Rajagopal, S., Pi, Z.: Multimode precoding in millimeter wave MIMO transmitters with multiple antenna sub-arrays. In: 2013 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), pp. 3476–3480 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Cai, Y., Xu, Y., Shi, Q., Champagne, B., Hanzo, L.: Robust joint hybrid transceiver design for millimeter wave full-duplex MIMO relay systems. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 18, 1199–1215 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Jiang, L., Jafarkhani, H.: mmWave amplify-and-forward MIMO relay networks with hybrid precoding/combining design. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 19(2), 1333–1346 (2020)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Park, S., Alkhateeb, A., Heath, R.W.: Dynamic subarrays for hybrid precoding in wideband mmWave MIMO systems. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 16(5), 2907–2920 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Yu, X., Shen, J.-C., Zhang, J., Letaief, K.B.: Alternating minimization algorithms for hybrid precoding in millimeter wave MIMO systems. IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process. 10(3), 485–500 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Luo, Z., Zhao, L., Tonghui, L., Liu, H., Zhang, R.: Robust hybrid precoding/combining designs for full-duplex millimeter wave relay systems. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 70(9), 9577–9582 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Xing, C., Ma, S., Fei, Z., Wu, Y.-C., Poor, H.V.: A general robust linear transceiver design for multi-hop amplify-and-forward MIMO relaying systems. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 61(5), 1196–1209 (2013)

    Article  MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  17. Christensen, S.S., Agarwal, R., de Carvalho, E., Cioffi, J.M.: Weighted sum-rate maximization using weighted MMSE for MIMO-BC beamforming design. IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun. 7(12), 4792–4799 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Luo, Z., Zhao, L., Liu, H., Li, Y.: Robust hybrid beamforming in millimeter wave systems with closed-form least-square solutions. IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett. 10(1), 156–160 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yanzi Hu .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Luo, Z., Hu, Y., Xiang, Y., Liu, H. (2023). Robust Hybrid Beamforming for Full-Duplex OFDM mmWave Systems with Partially-Connected Structure. In: Gao, F., Wu, J., Li, Y., Gao, H. (eds) Communications and Networking. ChinaCom 2022. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 500. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-34789-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-34790-0

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics