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Concomitant Infections by Dengue and COVID-19: Public Policies and Spatio-Temporal Analysis to Enhance Public Health Management in Brazil

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Sustainability in Practice

Abstract

Increasing urbanization has put pressure on urban and public health systems since the second half of the twentieth century. Viral infections challenge these systems worldwide. Since February 2020, Brazil has faced a recurrent dengue outbreak and the COVID-19 pandemic. This study's main objective was to develop a methodology based on GIS spatial analysis and data mining to elucidate the spatiotemporal patterns of both diseases. The locality of study was the municipality of Campo Mourão, Brazil. With the aid of spatial analyses, the study examined the overlap of the incidence of infections with demographic, urban, and socio-environmental infrastructure factors. It identified County's actions using a bibliographic survey. The results reflect the spatiotemporal pattern of the diseases, the hotspots, and the most vulnerable contingents, and point out the need to implement education for socio-environmental sustainability.

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Acknowledgements

Funding: The authors thank the PUC/PR Research Directorate, ARAUCÁRIA Paraná's Research Foundation, and CAPES of the Ministry of Education (Process number 88887.354469/2019.00) for sponsoring this research.

We also express gratitude to Campo Mourão Municipal Health Department for the data and support of this research.

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Correspondence to Márlon Luiz de Almeida .

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de Almeida, M.L. et al. (2023). Concomitant Infections by Dengue and COVID-19: Public Policies and Spatio-Temporal Analysis to Enhance Public Health Management in Brazil. In: Leal Filho, W., Frankenberger, F., Tortato, U. (eds) Sustainability in Practice. World Sustainability Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-34436-7_19

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