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Political Mobilizations Regarding Refugees and Migrants: Poland, Germany, Spain, and Sweden

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The Politics of Social In/Exclusion in the EU

Abstract

Post-colonial and guest-worker immigration from non-EU states, together with the refugee waves of the past decade, have become politicized issues in national and EU-level politics and led to the rise of populist politics based on years of policy neglect. Hence an increasing socio-political polarization over immigration, asylum, and citizenship emerged in EU member states, which weakens social cohesion and inclusion. This has led to racism and discrimination against migrants—especially if they are Muslim—in many areas of life and is reflected in lower educational attainments, lower job placement rates, and less political participation and representation. In addition, far-right parties and movements across Europe have used their presence to advance exclusive-nativist positions. The corresponding lack of inclusion is recognized by progressive CSOs that aim to support refugee reception and migrant integration, aid the state in service provision, and have become essential interlocutors co-determining the societal in/exclusion of those minorities. Using the Migrant Integration Policy Index, we trace the political mobilizations and highlight some of the most prevalent in/exclusion trends in the four case countries Poland, Germany, Spain, and Sweden.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    We included the overall country scores without the ‘health’ criteria as results over time were only available for summary scores without health, see: https://www.mipex.eu/download-pdf. We did chose the major survey waves of 2010, 2014, and 2019, as there was no reporting on either health or Education previously.

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Correspondence to Markus Thiel .

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Thiel, M., Fiocchetto, E., Maslanik, J.D. (2023). Political Mobilizations Regarding Refugees and Migrants: Poland, Germany, Spain, and Sweden. In: The Politics of Social In/Exclusion in the EU. Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-31264-9_7

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