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Imbalances in Fluids and Electrolytes, Acids and Bases: An Overview

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Textbook of General Pathology for Dental Students


Fluid and electrolyte balances are essential in maintaining appropriate blood volume and homeostasis. Electrolyte balance also plays a critical role in protecting cellular function, tissue perfusion, and acid-base balance. The most severe electrolyte disturbances involve abnormalities in the levels of sodium, potassium, and calcium. The body uses different mechanisms to control the blood’s acid-base balance. The body’s acid-base mechanisms involve the lungs, kidneys, and buffer systems. Acidosis and alkalosis occur when the acid-base balance is abnormal. This chapter briefly describes abnormalities that can occur when imbalances in fluids, electrolytes, and acid bases develop.

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Correspondence to S. R. Prabhu .

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Prabhu, S.R. (2023). Imbalances in Fluids and Electrolytes, Acids and Bases: An Overview. In: Textbook of General Pathology for Dental Students. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-31243-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-31244-1

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