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CoviChain: A Blockchain Based COVID-19 Vaccination Passport

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Advances in Information and Communication (FICC 2023)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems ((LNNS,volume 651))

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Abstract

Vaccination passports are being issued by governments around the world in order to open up their travel and hospitality sectors. Civil liberty campaigners on the other hand argue that such mandatory instruments encroach upon our fundamental right to anonymity, freedom of movement, and are a backdoor to issuing “identity documents” to citizens by their governments. We present a privacy-preserving framework that uses two-factor authentication to create a unique identifier that can be used to locate a person’s vaccination record on a blockchain, but does not store any personal information about them. Our main contribution is the employment of a locality sensitive hashing algorithm over an iris extraction technique, that can be used to authenticate users and anonymously locate vaccination records on the blockchain, without leaking any personally identifiable information to the blockchain. Our proposed system allows for the safe reopening of society, while maintaining the privacy of citizens.

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Correspondence to Hitesh Tewari .

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Bradish, P., Chaudhari, S., Clear, M., Tewari, H. (2023). CoviChain: A Blockchain Based COVID-19 Vaccination Passport. In: Arai, K. (eds) Advances in Information and Communication. FICC 2023. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, vol 651. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-28076-4_17

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