Skip to main content
  • 989 Accesses

Abstract

Skeletal muscles in the body are specialized structures for both stability and mobility functions. Understanding the function of muscles depends on understanding the structure of the muscle, from the contractile proteins within each muscle fiber to the organization of the fibers in the entire muscle. The important functions of the muscles in the body are as follows: (1) production of force, (2) maintaining posture and body position, (3) joint stabilization, (4) heat production, and (5) protecting internal organs.

Skeletal muscles have important roles in many bodily functions. From a mechanical point of view, the main functions of skeletal muscles are to generate strength and power, maintain posture, and convert chemical energy into mechanical energy for movement production. From a metabolic point of view, skeletal muscles serve as a storage site for important building blocks such as amino acids and carbohydrates. It also contributes to amino acid release from muscles and maintenance of blood glucose levels during fasting.

In this section, skeletal muscles are explained. At the end of the chapter, smooth muscle and cardiac muscle are also briefly mentioned.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Further Reading

  • Celichowski J, Krutki P. Motor units and muscle receptors. In: Zoladz JA, editor. Muscle and exercise physiology. New York: Academic Press; 2019. p. 51–91.

    Google Scholar 

  • Csapo R, Gumpenberger M, Wessner B. Skeletal muscle extracellular matrix—what do we know about its composition, regulation, and physiological roles? A narrative review. Front Physiol. 2020;11:253.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Finsterer J. Locomotor principles: anatomy and physiology of skeletal muscles. In: Jensen-Jarolim E, editor. Comparative medicine anatomy and physiology. Vienna: Springer; 2014. p. 45–60.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Frontera WR, Ochala J. Skeletal muscle: a brief review of structure and function. Calcif Tissue Int. 2015;96(3):183–95.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gillies AR, Lieber RL. Structure and function of the skeletal muscle extracellular matrix. Muscle Nerve. 2011;44(3):318–31.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Hunter SK, Brown DA. Muscle: the primary stabilizer and mover of the skeletal system. In: Neumann DA, editor. Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system: foundations for rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2016. p. 47–76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Monroy JA, Powers KL, Gilomre LA, Uyeno TA, Lindstedt SL, Nishikawa KC. What is the role of titin in active muscle? Exerc Sports Sci Rev. 2012;40:73–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mukund K, Subramaniam S. Skeletal muscle: a review of molecular structure and function, in health and disease. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med. 2020;12(1):e1462.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Purslow PP. The structure and role of intramuscular connective tissue in muscle function. Front Physiol. 2020;11:495.

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Schiaffino S, Reggiani C. Fiber types in mammalian skeletal muscles. Physiol Rev. 2011;91:1447–531.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Trovato FM, Imbesi R, Conway N, Castrogiovanni P. Morphological and functional aspects of human skeletal muscle. J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2016;1(3):289–302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Calik, M. (2023). The Muscle Structure and Function. In: Kaya Utlu, D. (eds) Functional Exercise Anatomy and Physiology for Physiotherapists. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-27184-7_4

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-27184-7_4

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-27183-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-27184-7

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics