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Marie Curie (1867–1934): Pioneer of Nuclear Physics

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Women of Genius in Science
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Abstract

Few people are aware that Marie Curie, probably the world's most famous scientist to this day, was officially Russian and thus a compatriot of Sofia Kovalevskaya. She was born Maria Salomea Skłodowska in 1867 in Warsaw, i.e., in the Russian part of the former Kingdom of Poland, which was then divided between Prussia and Russia. Her family belonged to the Polish landed gentry and had lost landed property and assets under the Russian occupation; the five Skłodowska siblings—Maria was the youngest—thus grew up in modest circumstances. However, the family remained proud of their Polish origins.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Fritz Vögtle and Peter Ksoll, Marie Curie. Rowohlt (2018), p. 14.

  2. 2.

    Susan Quinn, Marie Curie: A Life. Addison-Wesley (1996).

  3. 3.

    Marie Curie, Traité de Radioactivité. 2 volumes. Paris: Gauthier-Villars (1910); German edition: Die Radioaktivität. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft (1911–1912), translated by B. Finkelstein.

  4. 4.

    Albert Einstein to Marie Curie on 23 November 1911, from: Walter Isaacson, Einstein: His Life and Universe. Simon & Schuster (2008).

  5. 5.

    Marie Curie, La Radiologie et la Guerre. Paris: Félix Alcan (1921).

  6. 6.

    Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel, Action physiologique des rayons du radium, C.R.T (Cathode Ray Tube), 132 (1901) pp. 1289–1291.

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Correspondence to Lars Jaeger .

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Jaeger, L. (2023). Marie Curie (1867–1934): Pioneer of Nuclear Physics. In: Women of Genius in Science . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23926-7_9

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