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Lise Meitner (1878–1968): Discoverer of Nuclear Fission

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Abstract

Marie Curie is the most famous natural scientist in world history and her name is inextricably linked with the history of radioactivity. By contrast, the name of another woman who made an equally significant contribution to the understanding of this field of physics at almost the same time remains virtually unknown to the general public today. This was Lise Meitner.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Anne Hardy and Lore Sexl, Lise Meitner (German edition). Rowohlt (2002), p. 18.

  2. 2.

    Lise Meitner, Über die Absorption der Alpha- und Beta-Strahlen, Physikalische Zeitschrift, 7 (1906), pp. 588–590; Lise Meitner, Über die Zerstreuung der α-Strahlen, Physikalische Zeitschrift, 8 (1907), pp. 489–496.

  3. 3.

    Charlotte Kerner, Lise, Atomic Physicist—The Life Story of Lise Meitner. Beltz und Gelberg (1996).

  4. 4.

    Otto Hahn and Fritz Straßmann, Über den Nachweis und das Verhalten der bei der Bestrahlung des Urans mittels Neutronen entstehenden Erdalkalimetalle, Die Naturwissenschaften, 27, 1 (1939), pp. 11–15.

  5. 5.

    Lise Meitner and Otto Frisch, Products of the Fission of the Uranium Nucleus, Nature, 143 (1939), pp. 471–472.

  6. 6.

    Jost Lemmerich, Lise Meitner on the Occasion of Her 125th Birthday, exhibition catalogue of the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Preußischer Kulturbesitz (2003).

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Correspondence to Lars Jaeger .

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Jaeger, L. (2023). Lise Meitner (1878–1968): Discoverer of Nuclear Fission. In: Women of Genius in Science . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23926-7_10

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