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There is No Culture? A Framework for Addressing Admissions Fraud

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Fake Degrees and Fraudulent Credentials in Higher Education

Part of the book series: Ethics and Integrity in Educational Contexts ((EIEC,volume 5))

Abstract

This chapter questions individual responsibility for admissions fraud, examining how excessive focus on the individual in policy and popular representations of fraud ignores the responsibility that institutions and overall culture play in defining fraud and creating the conditions that can lead to greater and lesser amounts of fraud. Drawing on a theoretical framework from Ajzen’s planned behavior, Becker’s labelling theory, and Campbell’s law, the chapter establishes how a multi-level approach allows for a more nuanced analysis of admissions fraud, particularly when considering how powers and positionalities can interact to create conditions that promote or inhibit fraud. The chapter proposes a five-level framework for analyzing admissions fraud, noting how individuals, small groups and firms, larger firms, institutions, and political entities all play roles in establishing definitions of fraud, investigating fraud, prosecuting fraud, committing fraud, abetting fraud, and countering fraud. The chapter then uses this framework to analyze a case of admissions fraud, examining how each level uses power and how the culture of fraud is constructed. The analysis is followed by implications and considerations regarding how policy might be adapted or further studied to allow for a culture of integrity rather than fraud.

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Correspondence to Brendan DeCoster .

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DeCoster, B. (2023). There is No Culture? A Framework for Addressing Admissions Fraud. In: Eaton, S.E., Carmichael, J.J., Pethrick, H. (eds) Fake Degrees and Fraudulent Credentials in Higher Education . Ethics and Integrity in Educational Contexts, vol 5. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21796-8_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21796-8_10

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-21795-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-21796-8

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