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Physicians’ Brain Digital Twin: Holistic Clinical & Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Patient Safety and Value-Based Care to Prevent the Post-pandemic Healthcare Ecosystem Crisis

Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1686)


The ‘reading to cognition gaps’ and the ‘knowledge to action gaps’ for a physician or a care provider are the root causes of patient harm and the low- value healthcare. Rule-based symptom-checkers often fail when there are multiple co-occurring symptoms. To ensure patient safety and value-based care we have constructed nine AI-driven and evidence based interconnected holistic knowledge graphs covering the entire spectrum of medical knowledge starting from symptoms to therapeutics. These knowledge graphs are in fact the digital twin of all physicians’ brains. These nine knowledge graphs are Symptomatomics, Diseasomics, SNOMED CT, Disease-Gene Network, Multimorbidity, Resistomics, Patholomics, Oncolomics, and Drugomics. These knowledge graphs are constructed from semantic integration of biomedical ontologies like Disease Ontology, Symptom Ontology, Gene Ontology, Drug Ontology, NCI Thesaurus, DisGenomics Network, PharmGKB, ChEBI, WHO AWaRe, and WHOCC. This is further enhanced through thematic integration of the knowledge mined from PubMed, DailyMed, FAERS, Wikipedia and patient data (EHR) from hospitals and cancer registry. These knowledge graphs are interconnected through common vocabularies like SNOMED CT, ICD10, ICDO, UMLS, NCIT, DOID, HGNC, GO, LOINC, ATC, RXCUI, and RxNORM codes that helped us to construct a complete clinical, medical, therapeutic, and conflicting medication knowledge graph with 723,801 nodes and 10,657,694 edges. This knowledge graph is stored in a Neo4j property graph database which is deployed in the cloud accessible 24×7 through REST/JSON-RPC and AIoT API. On top of this integrated knowledge graph we used node2vec to construct digital triplet discovering many unknown and hidden knowledge. This integrated clinical & biomedical knowledge functions as the digital twin of all physicians’ brains.


  • Physicians’ brain digital twin
  • Digital triplet
  • Symptomatomics
  • Diseasomics
  • Resistomics
  • Patholomics
  • DisGenomics
  • Oncolomics
  • Drugomics
  • Knowledge graph
  • Healthcare ecosystem crisis
  • Patient safety

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Correspondence to Asoke K. Talukder .

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Talukder, A.K., Selg, E., Haas, R.E. (2022). Physicians’ Brain Digital Twin: Holistic Clinical & Biomedical Knowledge Graphs for Patient Safety and Value-Based Care to Prevent the Post-pandemic Healthcare Ecosystem Crisis. In: Villazón-Terrazas, B., Ortiz-Rodriguez, F., Tiwari, S., Sicilia, MA., Martín-Moncunill, D. (eds) Knowledge Graphs and Semantic Web . KGSWC 2022. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1686. Springer, Cham.

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