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Complimentary Non-pharmacological and Non-opioid Options

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First Aid Perioperative Ultrasound

Abstract

With the expansion of the multimodal approach to analgesia and anxiolysis, complementary techniques have been studied and employed to enhance a patient’s comfort throughout their anesthetic. Relaxation and distraction techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation acupuncture, touch therapy TENS, massage, cryotherapy, and biofeedback have all been used as alternative approaches. Often these techniques are used in conjunction with pharmacologic means to alleviate pain and facilitate care. This chapter will explore the above techniques and the scientific evidence analyzing their utility.

Tara Kelly is a co-author.

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Correspondence to Christopher D. Wolla .

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Wolla, C.D., Kelly, T. (2023). Complimentary Non-pharmacological and Non-opioid Options. In: Li, J., Jiang, W., Vadivelu, N. (eds) First Aid Perioperative Ultrasound. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21291-8_16

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21291-8_16

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