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Global Challenges: Backwardness and Modernization

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World Economy and International Business

Abstract

The chapter considers the essence, causes and consequences of economic backwardness. It describes the main models of modernizing the backward economy, as well as the problems of modernization of developed economies.

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Correspondence to Alexander Bulatov .

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Bulatov, A. (2023). Global Challenges: Backwardness and Modernization. In: Bulatov, A. (eds) World Economy and International Business. Contributions to Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-20328-2_12

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