Skip to main content

Cross-modal 3D Shape Generation and Manipulation

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Computer Vision – ECCV 2022 (ECCV 2022)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNCS,volume 13663))

Included in the following conference series:

Abstract

Creating and editing the shape and color of 3D objects require tremendous human effort and expertise. Compared to direct manipulation in 3D interfaces, 2D interactions such as sketches and scribbles are usually much more natural and intuitive for the users. In this paper, we propose a generic multi-modal generative model that couples the 2D modalities and implicit 3D representations through shared latent spaces. With the proposed model, versatile 3D generation and manipulation are enabled by simply propagating the editing from a specific 2D controlling modality through the latent spaces. For example, editing the 3D shape by drawing a sketch, re-colorizing the 3D surface via painting color scribbles on the 2D rendering, or generating 3D shapes of a certain category given one or a few reference images. Unlike prior works, our model does not require re-training or fine-tuning per editing task and is also conceptually simple, easy to implement, robust to input domain shifts, and flexible to diverse reconstruction on partial 2D inputs. We evaluate our framework on two representative 2D modalities of grayscale line sketches and rendered color images, and demonstrate that our method enables various shape manipulation and generation tasks with these 2D modalities.

This work was mainly done while the first author was an intern at Snap Inc. Code and data are available at https://people.cs.umass.edu/~zezhoucheng/edit3d/.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or eBook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Abdal, R., Qin, Y., Wonka, P.: Image2stylegan: how to embed images into the stylegan latent space? In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 4432–4441 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  2. An, X., Tong, X., Denning, J.D., Pellacini, F.: AppWarp: retargeting measured materials by appearance-space warping. In: Proceedings of the 2011 SIGGRAPH Asia Conference, pp. 1–10 (2011)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Athar, S., Burnaev, E., Lempitsky, V.: Latent convolutional models. In: ICLR (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Bau, D., Liu, S., Wang, T., Zhu, J.-Y., Torralba, A.: Rewriting a deep generative model. In: Vedaldi, A., Bischof, H., Brox, T., Frahm, J.-M. (eds.) ECCV 2020. LNCS, vol. 12346, pp. 351–369. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58452-8_21

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  5. Bau, D., Strobelt, H., Peebles, W., Zhou, B., Zhu, J.Y., Torralba, A., et al.: Semantic photo manipulation with a generative image prior. arXiv preprint arXiv:2005.07727 (2020)

  6. Burt, P.J., Adelson, E.H.: The Laplacian pyramid as a compact image code. In: Readings in computer vision, pp. 671–679. Elsevier (1987)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Chang, A.X., et al.: ShapeNet: an information-rich 3D model repository. arXiv preprint arXiv:1512.03012 (2015)

  8. Chen, K., Choy, C.B., Savva, M., Chang, A.X., Funkhouser, T., Savarese, S.: Text2Shape: generating shapes from natural language by learning joint embeddings. In: Jawahar, C.V., Li, H., Mori, G., Schindler, K. (eds.) ACCV 2018. LNCS, vol. 11363, pp. 100–116. Springer, Cham (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20893-6_7

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  9. Chen, Z., Zhang, H.: Learning implicit fields for generative shape modeling. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 5939–5948 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Choi, Y., Choi, M., Kim, M., Ha, J.W., Kim, S., Choo, J.: StarGAN: unified generative adversarial networks for multi-domain image-to-image translation. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 8789–8797 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Choy, C.B., Xu, D., Gwak, J.Y., Chen, K., Savarese, S.: 3D-R2N2: a unified approach for single and multi-view 3D object reconstruction. In: Leibe, B., Matas, J., Sebe, N., Welling, M. (eds.) ECCV 2016. LNCS, vol. 9912, pp. 628–644. Springer, Cham (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46484-8_38

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  12. DeCarlo, D., Finkelstein, A., Rusinkiewicz, S., Santella, A.: Suggestive contours for conveying shape. In: ACM SIGGRAPH 2003 Papers, pp. 848–855 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  13. Delanoy, J., Aubry, M., Isola, P., Efros, A.A., Bousseau, A.: 3D sketching using multi-view deep volumetric prediction. Proc. ACM Comput. Graph. Interact. Tech. 1(1), 1–22 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Fan, H., Su, H., Guibas, L.J.: A point set generation network for 3d object reconstruction from a single image. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 605–613 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Gkioxari, G., Malik, J., Johnson, J.: Mesh R-CNN. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 9785–9795 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Goel, S., Kanazawa, A., Malik, J.: Shape and viewpoint without keypoints. In: Vedaldi, A., Bischof, H., Brox, T., Frahm, J.-M. (eds.) ECCV 2020. LNCS, vol. 12360, pp. 88–104. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58555-6_6

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  17. Goodfellow, I., et al.: Generative adversarial nets. In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, vol. 27 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Grady, L.: Random walks for image segmentation. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28(11), 1768–1783 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Gu, J., Shen, Y., Zhou, B.: Image processing using multi-code GAN prior. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 3012–3021 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Guillard, B., Remelli, E., Yvernay, P., Fua, P.: Sketch2Mesh: reconstructing and editing 3D shapes from sketches. In: ICCV (2021)

    Google Scholar 

  21. Gulrajani, I., Ahmed, F., Arjovsky, M., Dumoulin, V., Courville, A.: Improved training of wasserstein GANs. In: NeurIPS (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Hao, Z., Averbuch-Elor, H., Snavely, N., Belongie, S.: Dualsdf: semantic shape manipulation using a two-level representation. In: CVPR, pp. 7631–7641 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  23. Heusel, M., Ramsauer, H., Unterthiner, T., Nessler, B., Hochreiter, S.: GANs trained by a two time-scale update rule converge to a local NASH equilibrium. In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, vol. 30 (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Jin, A., Fu, Q., Deng, Z.: Contour-based 3D modeling through joint embedding of shapes and contours. In: Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics and Games, pp. 1–10 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Kanazawa, A., Tulsiani, S., Efros, A.A., Malik, J.: Learning category-specific mesh reconstruction from image collections. In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), pp. 371–386 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  26. Kingma, D.P., Ba, J.: Adam: a method for stochastic optimization. arXiv preprint arXiv:1412.6980 (2014)

  27. Kingma, D.P., Welling, M.: Auto-encoding variational Bayes. arXiv preprint arXiv:1312.6114 (2013)

  28. Lempitsky, V., Kohli, P., Rother, C., Sharp, T.: Image segmentation with a bounding box prior. In: 2009 IEEE 12th International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 277–284. IEEE (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  29. Levin, A., Lischinski, D., Weiss, Y.: Colorization using optimization. In: ACM SIGGRAPH 2004 Papers, pp. 689–694 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  30. Li, Y., Sun, J., Tang, C.K., Shum, H.Y.: Lazy snapping. ACM Trans. Graph. (ToG) 23(3), 303–308 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Liu, M.Y., Tuzel, O.: Coupled generative adversarial networks. Adv. Neural. Inf. Process. Syst. 29, 469–477 (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  32. Liu, S., Zhang, Y., Peng, S., Shi, B., Pollefeys, M., Cui, Z.: DIST: rendering deep implicit signed distance function with differentiable sphere tracing. In: CVPR, pp. 2019–2028 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  33. Liu, S., Li, T., Chen, W., Li, H.: Soft rasterizer: a differentiable renderer for image-based 3D reasoning. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 7708–7717 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  34. Liu, S., Zhang, X., Zhang, Z., Zhang, R., Zhu, J.Y., Russell, B.: Editing conditional radiance fields. In: ICCV (2021)

    Google Scholar 

  35. Mescheder, L., Oechsle, M., Niemeyer, M., Nowozin, S., Geiger, A.: Occupancy networks: Learning 3d reconstruction in function space. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 4460–4470 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  36. Mildenhall, B., Srinivasan, P.P., Tancik, M., Barron, J.T., Ramamoorthi, R., Ng, R.: NeRF: representing scenes as neural radiance fields for view synthesis. In: Vedaldi, A., Bischof, H., Brox, T., Frahm, J.-M. (eds.) ECCV 2020. LNCS, vol. 12346, pp. 405–421. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58452-8_24

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  37. Pan, X., Zhan, X., Dai, B., Lin, D., Loy, C.C., Luo, P.: Exploiting deep generative prior for versatile image restoration and manipulation. In: Vedaldi, A., Bischof, H., Brox, T., Frahm, J.-M. (eds.) ECCV 2020. LNCS, vol. 12347, pp. 262–277. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58536-5_16

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  38. Park, J.J., Florence, P., Straub, J., Newcombe, R., Lovegrove, S.: Deepsdf: learning continuous signed distance functions for shape representation. In: CVPR, pp. 165–174 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  39. Pellacini, F., Battaglia, F., Morley, R.K., Finkelstein, A.: Lighting with paint. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 26(2), 9-es (2007)

    Google Scholar 

  40. Radford, A., Metz, L., Chintala, S.: Unsupervised representation learning with deep convolutional generative adversarial networks. arXiv preprint arXiv:1511.06434 (2015)

  41. Rother, C., Kolmogorov, V., Blake, A.: “ grabcut" interactive foreground extraction using iterated graph cuts. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 23(3), 309–314 (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  42. Saharia, C., et al.: Palette: Image-to-image diffusion models. arXiv preprint arXiv:2111.05826 (2021)

  43. Schmidt, T.W., Pellacini, F., Nowrouzezahrai, D., Jarosz, W., Dachsbacher, C.: State of the art in artistic editing of appearance, lighting and material. In: Computer Graphics Forum, vol. 35, pp. 216–233. Wiley Online Library (2016)

    Google Scholar 

  44. Shen, Y., Gu, J., Tang, X., Zhou, B.: Interpreting the latent space of GANs for semantic face editing. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 9243–9252 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  45. Shen, Y., Yang, C., Tang, X., Zhou, B.: InterfaceGAN: interpreting the disentangled face representation learned by GANs. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  46. Shi, Y., Siddharth, N., Paige, B., Torr, P.H.: Variational mixture-of-experts autoencoders for multi-modal deep generative models. arXiv preprint arXiv:1911.03393 (2019)

  47. Sitzmann, V., Zollhöfer, M., Wetzstein, G.: Scene representation networks: continuous 3D-structure-aware neural scene representations. arXiv preprint arXiv:1906.01618 (2019)

  48. Sohl-Dickstein, J., Weiss, E., Maheswaranathan, N., Ganguli, S.: Deep unsupervised learning using nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In: ICML, pp. 2256–2265. PMLR (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  49. Suzuki, M., Nakayama, K., Matsuo, Y.: Joint multimodal learning with deep generative models. arXiv preprint arXiv:1611.01891 (2016)

  50. Tatarchenko, M., Richter, S.R., Ranftl, R., Li, Z., Koltun, V., Brox, T.: What do single-view 3d reconstruction networks learn? In: CVPR, pp. 3405–3414 (2019)

    Google Scholar 

  51. Wang, N., Zhang, Y., Li, Z., Fu, Y., Liu, W., Jiang, Y.G.: Pixel2mesh: generating 3D mesh models from single RGB images. In: ECCV, pp. 52–67 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  52. Wang, Y., Gonzalez-Garcia, A., Berga, D., Herranz, L., Khan, F.S., Weijer, J.V.D.: MineGAN: effective knowledge transfer from GANs to target domains with few images. In: CVPR, pp. 9332–9341 (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  53. Wu, M., Goodman, N.: Multimodal generative models for scalable weakly-supervised learning. In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, vol. 31 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  54. Wu, M., Goodman, N.: Multimodal generative models for compositional representation learning. arXiv preprint arXiv:1912.05075 (2019)

  55. Xu, Q., Wang, W., Ceylan, D., Mech, R., Neumann, U.: Disn: deep implicit surface network for high-quality single-view 3D reconstruction. arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.10711 (2019)

  56. Yang, G., et al.: LASR: learning articulated shape reconstruction from a monocular video. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 15980–15989 (2021)

    Google Scholar 

  57. Zadeh, A., Lim, Y.C., Liang, P.P., Morency, L.P.: Variational auto-decoder: a method for neural generative modeling from incomplete data. arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00840 (2019)

  58. Zhang, R., Isola, P., Efros, A.A., Shechtman, E., Wang, O.: The unreasonable effectiveness of deep features as a perceptual metric. In: CVPR (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  59. Zhang, R., et al.: Real-time user-guided image colorization with learned deep priors. ACM Trans. Graph. (TOG) 9(4) (2017)

    Google Scholar 

  60. Zhang, S.H., Guo, Y.C., Gu, Q.W.: Sketch2model: view-aware 3D modeling from single free-hand sketches. In: Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 6012–6021 (2021)

    Google Scholar 

  61. Zhong, Y., Gryaditskaya, Y., Zhang, H., Song, Y.Z.: Deep sketch-based modeling: tips and tricks. In: 2020 International Conference on 3D Vision (3DV), pp. 543–552. IEEE (2020)

    Google Scholar 

  62. Zhu, J., Shen, Y., Zhao, D., Zhou, B.: In-domain GAN inversion for real image editing. In: Vedaldi, A., Bischof, H., Brox, T., Frahm, J.-M. (eds.) ECCV 2020. LNCS, vol. 12362, pp. 592–608. Springer, Cham (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58520-4_35

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

Subhransu Maji acknowledges support from NSF grants #1749833 and #1908669. Our experiments were partially performed on the University of Massachusetts GPU cluster funded by the Mass. Technology Collaborative.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Menglei Chai .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

1 Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (pdf 2985 KB)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Cheng, Z. et al. (2022). Cross-modal 3D Shape Generation and Manipulation. In: Avidan, S., Brostow, G., Cissé, M., Farinella, G.M., Hassner, T. (eds) Computer Vision – ECCV 2022. ECCV 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13663. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-20062-5_18

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-20062-5_18

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-20061-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-20062-5

  • eBook Packages: Computer ScienceComputer Science (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics