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Semi-supervised Keypoint Detector and Descriptor for Retinal Image Matching

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Computer Vision – ECCV 2022 (ECCV 2022)

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Abstract

For retinal image matching (RIM), we propose SuperRetina, the first end-to-end method with jointly trainable keypoint detector and descriptor. SuperRetina is trained in a novel semi-supervised manner. A small set of (nearly 100) images are incompletely labeled and used to supervise the network to detect keypoints on the vascular tree. To attack the incompleteness of manual labeling, we propose Progressive Keypoint Expansion to enrich the keypoint labels at each training epoch. By utilizing a keypoint-based improved triplet loss as its description loss, SuperRetina produces highly discriminative descriptors at full input image size. Extensive experiments on multiple real-world datasets justify the viability of SuperRetina. Even with manual labeling replaced by auto labeling and thus making the training process fully manual-annotation free, SuperRetina compares favorably against a number of strong baselines for two RIM tasks, i.e. image registration and identity verification.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    As fundus images depict small area of retina, it is justified to apply the planar as- sumption in generating homographies [4, 31].

  2. 2.

    https://github.com/ruc-aimc-lab/SuperRetina.

  3. 3.

    We use bilinear upsampling, as transposed convolutions originally used by U-Net are computationally more expensive, and introduce unwanted checkerboard artifact[13].

  4. 4.

    Keypoint labeling requires little medical knowledge. The first author performed the labeling task in 4 working hours, which we believe was affordable.

  5. 5.

    https://projects.ics.forth.gr/cvrl/rempe/.

  6. 6.

    https://github.com/rpautrat/SuperPoint.

  7. 7.

    https://github.com/PruneTruong/GLAMpoints_pytorch.

  8. 8.

    https://github.com/naver/r2d2.

  9. 9.

    https://github.com/magicleap/SuperGluePretrainedNetwork.

  10. 10.

    https://github.com/ignacio-rocco/ncnet.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by NSFC (No. 62172420, No. 62072463), BJNSF (No. 4202033), and Public Computing Cloud, Renmin University of China.

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Correspondence to Xirong Li .

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Liu, J., Li, X., Wei, Q., Xu, J., Ding, D. (2022). Semi-supervised Keypoint Detector and Descriptor for Retinal Image Matching. In: Avidan, S., Brostow, G., Cissé, M., Farinella, G.M., Hassner, T. (eds) Computer Vision – ECCV 2022. ECCV 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13681. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-19803-8_35

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-19803-8_35

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