Skip to main content

Women, Financial Inclusion, and Economic Development in Rwanda

  • 148 Accesses

Abstract

Development has long been centred around the idea that one plan can be applied to all nations. This belief has recently been cast aside in favour of nation-specific development plans. Two major areas of focus are financial inclusion and gender equality. This paper sets out to understand the relationship between development, financial inclusion, and gender equality. The influence of gender equality and financial inclusion on development proves to be significant for Rwanda, suggesting that institutional and societal factors heavily influence a nation’s ability to experience long-run growth.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD   139.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions

References

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Appendix

Appendix

Variable statistics

Variable

Description

Obs.

Mean

Std. dev.

Max

Min

GDP

GDP in constant 2011 USD (billions)

14

6.46

2.08

10.20

3.55

Gender equality

CPIA gender equality index (1=low, 6=high)

12

3.92

0.40

4.5

3.5

Property rights

CPIA property rights index (1=low, 6=high)

12

3.31

0.25

3.5

3

Primary

Female primary enrolment (% gross)

13

142.79

5.71

149.92

132.76

Secondary

Female secondary enrolment (% gross)

13

30.44

10.79

42.23

14.13

Tertiary

Female tertiary enrolment (% gross)

10

5.80

1.63

7.18

1.99

Unemployment

Female unemployment (%, ILO estimate)

14

0.96

0.21

1.25

0.61

Total accounts

Total number of deposit and Laon accounts (thousands)

14

3145.97

2250.62

7111.02

40.40

Loan accounts

Total loan accounts (thousands)

14

215.13

170.71

484.36

2.66

Deposit accounts

Total deposit accounts (thousands)

14

2930.85

2085.83

6626.65

37.75

Loan interest rates

Loan interest rate (%)

14

16.69

0.57

17.33

15.78

Deposit interest rates

Deposit interest rate (%)

14

7.80

1.26

9.92

5.39

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

O’Toole, M. (2023). Women, Financial Inclusion, and Economic Development in Rwanda. In: Nayak, B.S. (eds) Political Economy of Gender and Development in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-18829-9_3

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-18829-9_3

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-18828-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-18829-9

  • eBook Packages: Economics and FinanceEconomics and Finance (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics