Skip to main content

Saudi Arabia Case Study

The Development of Saudi Arabia’s Red Sea Coastline: Challenges Facing Sustainable Resource Use


Determined to advance toward a post-oil era, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is rapidly transforming its economy and social structures. The country is targeting new industries, investing in large-scale development projects, and opening its borders for tourism. Through these ambitious projects, the Kingdom envisions an economic and environmentally sustainable future independent of petroleum export. However, these plans also pose major challenges to terrestrial and marine ecosystems, particularly because much of this effort focuses on development along remote coastal regions with historically low human populations. Here, we present the historical use, current state, and future projections of coastal marine resources of the Saudi Arabian Red Sea. Focusing on fisheries, aquaculture, and tourism, we discuss the potential challenges and opportunities of increasing coastal developments in light of Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030.


This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD   99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD   129.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD   199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions


Download references


We are thankful for the contributions by Hagen M. Gegner, Sabrina K. Roth, Florian Roth, and Nils Rädecker, including written sections and figures.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vanessa Robitzch .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Robitzch, V., Kattan, A., Dunne, A., Coker, D.J. (2023). Saudi Arabia Case Study. In: Wolff, M., Ferse, S.C., Govan, H. (eds) Challenges in Tropical Coastal Zone Management. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics