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Towards an Active Predictive Relation by Reconceptualizing a Vacuum Robot: Research on the Transparency and Acceptance of the Predictive Behaviors

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS,volume 13519)


With the development of Artificial intelligence, the connected objects are extended with the predictive capabilities and the character of things can change to “things that predict”. If a connected device is able to embrace a predictive system that not only profiles for scripted behavior but could also use the knowledge co-created by all the other similar devices and their users that encounter similar situations, the predictions can be generated based on that. In this case, a new type of interplay between humans and things called “predictive relation” is created. However, before this future takes place, it is required to find out appropriate patterns to address challenges such as the transparency and users’ acceptance of predictive behaviors of connected products. The research in this article takes a vacuum robot as a reference product for the study. The research starts by collecting users’ daily practice with vacuum robots through 4-day diary booklets. And then the booklets serve as sensitizing tools to envision the possible predictive capabilities and lead the discussion on the acceptance and transparency of general predicting things. From the creative sessions we propose 1) design qualities for the acceptance of the predicting things, and 2) a model of generating predictive behavior that enhances the transparency. Eventually, we also propose the idea of “Designers as the facilitators of the human-robot collaboration”.


  • Internet of Things
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Human-robot interaction
  • Transparency
  • Acceptance
  • Robot autonomy

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-17618-0_18
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We would like to thank Nazli Cila for her contribution in the earlier stages of the research. Thanks to Yahong Li and Xuejing Feng for their comments and suggestions during the research and writing, as well as to all the participants for their fruitful insights in the creative session. The research was commissioned by the Cities of Things Delft Design Lab.

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Correspondence to Peicheng Guo .

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Guo, P., Smit, I. (2022). Towards an Active Predictive Relation by Reconceptualizing a Vacuum Robot: Research on the Transparency and Acceptance of the Predictive Behaviors. In: , et al. HCI International 2022 - Late Breaking Papers. Multimodality in Advanced Interaction Environments. HCII 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13519. Springer, Cham.

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