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POSTER: A Transparent Remote Quantum Random Number Generator over a Quantum-Safe Link

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Applied Cryptography and Network Security Workshops (ACNS 2022)

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ((LNCS,volume 13285))

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Abstract

We address the problem of sharing an expensive hardware-based high-entropy quantum random number generator (QRNG) among multiple users connected to it via the network. We demonstrate how to 1) divide the limited bandwidth of the QRNG device among multiple clients, 2) secure network communication between the QRNG and its users by applying quantum-safe algorithms, and 3) switch existing client-side applications to use randomness received from the remote QRNG without the need to recompile their code.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    For instance, TrueRNG v3 (https://ubld.it/truerng_v3) uses the avalanche effect in a semiconductor junction; HotBits (https://www.fourmilab.ch/hotbits/) rely on radioactive decay; https://www.random.org is based on atmospheric noise; Intel CPU instructions RDRAND and RDSEED are based on thermal noise within the silicon.

  2. 2.

    we contribute our script at https://github.com/LUMII-Syslab/oqs-haproxy.git.

  3. 3.

    https://openquantumsafe.org.

  4. 4.

    http://www.randomnumbers.info (operating on Quantis QRNG PCIe Legacy).

  5. 5.

    http://random.irb.hr/index.php (operating on QRBG121).

  6. 6.

    http://qrng.physik.hu-berlin.de/download (operating on PicoQuant PQRNG 150).

  7. 7.

    https://qrng.anu.edu.au (own equipment for measuring quantum fluctuations of the vacuum with the potential to achieve the 70 Gbit/s rate) [2].

  8. 8.

    provides pure Java implementations of cryptographic primitives, https://www.bouncycastle.org.

  9. 9.

    https://github.com/microsoft/Detours.

References

  1. Beullens, W.: Breaking rainbow takes a weekend on a laptop (2022). Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2022/214

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  2. Haw, J.Y., et al.: Maximization of extractable randomness in a quantum random-number generator. Phys. Rev. Appl. Am. Phys. Soc. 3(5), 12 (2015)

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  3. Jacak, M.M., Jóźwiak, P., Niemczuk, J., Jacak, J.E.: Quantum generators of random numbers. Sci. Rep. 11(1), 1–21 (2021)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Kozlovičs, S.: The web computer and its operating system: a new approach for creating web applications. In: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Web Information Systems and Technologies, Vienna, Austria, pp. 46–57. SCITEPRESS (2019)

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Acknowledgements

Research supported by the European Regional Development Fund, project No. 1.1.1.1/20/A/106 “Applications of quantum cryptography devices and software solutions in computational infrastructure framework in Latvia”.

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Correspondence to Sergejs Kozlovičs .

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Kozlovičs, S., Vīksna, J. (2022). POSTER: A Transparent Remote Quantum Random Number Generator over a Quantum-Safe Link. In: Zhou, J., et al. Applied Cryptography and Network Security Workshops. ACNS 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 13285. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16815-4_32

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16815-4_32

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-16814-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-16815-4

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