Skip to main content

Genes, Food, Environment, and Beyond

  • 169 Accesses


Digestive problems can be caused or worsened by a long list of factors, depending on the specific problem in question and the individual. Let’s collectively refer to these factors as “triggers”. Sometimes there is one clear trigger, other times there are multiple triggers, and many times the trigger is unclear. To provide a practical conceptual framework, it can be helpful to organize triggers into categories; one way to do so is to categorize them as being intrinsic, extrinsic, or behavioral. In this chapter I aim to provide an overview of these categories and explore several of the triggers within each of them, including but not limited to the role of our genetic makeup, the foods we eat, our environment, our behaviors, and more. An understanding of these and other potential triggers is important for better comprehension of one’s digestive problem as well as identifying appropriate treatment options.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD   34.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD   44.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to James H. Tabibian .

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Tabibian, J.H. (2023). Genes, Food, Environment, and Beyond. In: Digestive Problems Solved. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-16316-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-16317-3

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics