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Synthetic Data Generation for Condition Monitoring of Railway Switches

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Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1656)


The application of AI methods to industry requires a large amount of training data that covers all situations appearing in practice. It is often a challenge to collect a sufficient amount of such data. An alternative is to artificially generate realistic data based on training examples. In this paper we present a method for generating the electric current time series produced by railway switch engines during switch-blades repositioning. In practice, this electrical signal is monitored and can be used to detect unusual behaviour associated to switch faults. The generation method requires a sample of real curves and exploits their systematic temperature dependence to reduce their dimensionality. This is done by extracting the effect of temperature on specific parameters, which are then re-sampled and used to generate new curves. The model is analyzed in different practice-relevant scenarios and shows potential for improving condition monitoring methods.


This project has received funding from the Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 881574. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the Shift2Rail JU members other than the Union. The authors thank Strukton Rail and Wolfgang Riedler for their support on this work.

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Correspondence to Miguel del Álamo .

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del Álamo, M., Heusel, J., Narezo Guzmán, D. (2022). Synthetic Data Generation for Condition Monitoring of Railway Switches. In: Marrone, S., et al. Dependable Computing – EDCC 2022 Workshops. EDCC 2022. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1656. Springer, Cham.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-16244-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-16245-9

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