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Adaptive Responses of Crop Species Against Phosphorus Deficiency

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Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 58

Part of the book series: Sustainable Agriculture Reviews ((SARV,volume 58))

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is necessary for plant growth and productivity. P deficiency leads to huge yield losses, and continuous depletion of P in industrial agriculture is becoming a major issue of food security. Moreover, most P is not readily available for plants, thus restricting plant growth. Therefore, P uptake efficiency should be enhanced by identifying key root traits, genes or beneficial microbial associations involved in P uptake. In this chapter we review crops responses to P deficiency, the mechanisms of P acquisition and P homeostasis, response of root exudation to P deficiency, and microbial communities that favor P acquisition. More than 80% of plants establish a symbiotic associations to improve nutrient acquisition ability, ultimately improving plant growth and yield. Plants have evolved an array of strategies to overcome P scarcity-related problems.

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Author Contributions

MMA conceived the study, MMA and MW designed the figures. MMA, EJO, ALI, and MW wrote the first draft. All authors critically reviewed the manuscript. All other authors read and approved the final version.

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© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

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Aslam, M.M., Idris, A.L., Okal, E.J., Waseem, M. (2023). Adaptive Responses of Crop Species Against Phosphorus Deficiency. In: Iqbal, A., et al. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 58. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, vol 58. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16155-1_4

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