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Urban Transformations and the Spatial Distribution of Foreign Immigrants in Messina

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Models for Data Analysis (SIS 2018)

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Abstract

Messina exhibits a fragmented urban structure, a consequence of past historical events, mainly the 1908 earthquake. After this tragic event, Messina experienced economic downturns and nowadays it passively suffers rather than managing its considerable mercantile traffics. The fragmented urban fabric affects the residential location of foreign migrants. Related literature distinguishes between two sources of spatial segregation: apparent contagion (i.e. economic inhomogeneities affecting the urban context) and true contagion (individual preference to live close to ethnically similar neighbors). We use point pattern analysis to assess residual clustering of migrant households while adjusting for economic inhomogeneity. We implement a case–control approach to avoid confounding between the two sources: migrant households represent cases, while a random sample of natives constitutes the controls. Results show that Sri Lankans, Filipinos (exceeding one kilometer), and Romanians exhibit the highest voluntary segregation, contributing to the creation of spatial clusters that boost the polycentric structure of Messina.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The Greek community is particularly active and in 2010 has instituted the Hellenic Community of the Strait, seating in Messina; an association gathering Greeks and individuals with Greek origins, permanently or provisionally resident in the province of Messina, Reggio Calabria, Vibo Valentia, Catanzaro and Crotone, known also with the acronym C.E.D.S. The association is apolitical, nondenominational and non-profit; it organizes cultural events and free Greek language courses.

  2. 2.

    Individuals coming from non-EU countries have to acquire the visa. Once legally entered Italy, they have to apply for the residency permit for the same reason they received the visa. About 80% of the Italian visas is granted for tourism (after 3 months of legal permanence, the immigrants enter the world of illegality if they do not regularize their position). Business, family and subordinate work are the residuals motivations for visa [37, p. 46].

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Correspondence to Luigi Scrofani .

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Bitonti, F., Mazza, A., Mucciardi, M., Scrofani, L. (2023). Urban Transformations and the Spatial Distribution of Foreign Immigrants in Messina. In: Brentari, E., Chiodi, M., Wit, EJ.C. (eds) Models for Data Analysis. SIS 2018. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, vol 402. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-15885-8_5

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