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The Effective-Double-Layer as an Efficient Tool for the Design of Sinter-Resistant Catalysts

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Recent Advances in Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis

Part of the book series: Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry ((MAOE,volume 61))

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Abstract

Effective promotion of catalytic reactions is always a grand challenge for heterogeneous catalysis. As it has been well-established, electrochemical promotion of catalysis (EPOC) through the effective-double-layer (EDL) created on catalyst particle surfaces is a unique, ultra-effective method for catalyst promotion. Nevertheless, catalyst nanoparticle (NP) stabilization at the typically elevated operation temperatures of catalysis is at least of equivalent, unless of much more importance, since sintering of NPs is inevitably a leading cause of catalyst degradation used for energy, environmental, and large-scale synthesis of commodity chemical applications with obvious economic drawbacks. We have recently discovered that the effective-double-layer, spontaneously created on catalyst nanoparticle surfaces via metal-support interactions with supports that have high lattice oxygen lability and mobility, can play a critical, additional to activity promotion, role, that is, the unprecedented stabilization of catalyst nanoparticles dispersed on them (i.e., anti-sinter catalysts). In addition to the experimental findings, we proposed a plausible model – based on the effective-double-layer approach introduced by Vayenas and co-workers for metal-support interactions – which streamlines and convincingly interprets the observed resistance to sintering, even redispersion of NPs. In this chapter all relevant experimental results obtained so far and their interpretation by means of the proposed mechanistic model are discussed.

Part of this chapter is reproduced from Refs. [24, 25, and 26] Open Access under a CC BY 4.0 license, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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Yentekakis, I.V. (2023). The Effective-Double-Layer as an Efficient Tool for the Design of Sinter-Resistant Catalysts. In: Vernoux, P., Vayenas, C.G. (eds) Recent Advances in Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis. Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, vol 61. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-13893-5_4

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