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Ethnicity and Dermatology

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Dermatology in Public Health Environments

Abstract

Many skin diseases present differently in ethnic skin. This chapter explains the differences in the structure of the ethnic skin and addresses the most prevalent diseases in this population, showing the differences in relation to the manifestations in Caucasian skin.

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Abbreviations

AD:

Atopic dermatitis

ALM:

Acral lentiginous melanoma

AZ:

Azelaic acid

BCC:

Basal cell carcinoma

CARP:

Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis

CCCA:

Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia

CD:

Contact dermatitis

DCS:

Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp

DPN:

Dermatosis papulosa nigra

FKN:

Folliculitis keloidalis nuchae

FLG:

Filaggrin

GA:

Glycolic acid

HS:

Hypertrophic scars

HQ:

Hydroquinone (HQ)

PFB:

Pseudofolliculitis barbae

PIH:

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

PMH:

Progressive macular hypomelanosis

PV:

Pityriasis versicolor

RA:

Retinoic acid

SCC:

Squamous cell carcinoma

SÇ:

Solar lentigo

SK:

Seborrheic keratosis

SPF:

Sun protection factor

SSM:

Superficial spreading melanoma

TA:

Traction alopecia

TN:

Trichorrhexis nodosa

UVR:

Ultraviolet radiation

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Glossary

Carotenoids

type of pigment derived from plants that help them absorb light and convert it into energy. They are useful as for the photoprotection action. Some important sources are apricots, asparagus, carrots, nectarines, tangerines, tomatoes, and watermelon.

Filaggrin

protein filaments that bond keratin fibers.

Fitzpatrick’s classification

report between I and VI types of skin, estimate the response to UVR.

Lichenification

skin thickening with accentuation of the furrows of the skin, usually caused by chronic processes of scratching or physical trauma; histologically, there is an evident epidermal accent.

Tyrosinase

is a copper-dependent enzyme, essential for the synthesis of melanin.

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Dantas, L.D.P., Boza, J.C., Peruzzo, J. (2023). Ethnicity and Dermatology. In: Rangel Bonamigo, R. (eds) Dermatology in Public Health Environments. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-13505-7_54

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-13505-7_54

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