In arms control, verification is the essential mechanism that ensures compliance with a treaty or regulation. However, verification is not always an easy task, especially when the contracting parties are suspicious of each other. This text shows in a systematic way how AI can promote verification in the future and presents several projects currently in different stages of development. Starting with how AI-aided translation and analysis of text can support the work of inspectors, the chapter continues to look at the analysis of graphical data, other sensory data, and the possibilities to include multimodal data into the analysis. Many of the projects presented have already passed the proof-of-concept phase and could be deployed in the next few years. However, the text emphasizes the need to use AI only in a team with human inspectors and it calls for more collaboration between AI experts and arms control experts to fully exploit the potential that AI offers for verification.
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Schörnig, N. (2022). Artificial Intelligence as an Arms Control Tool: Opportunities and Challenges. In: Reinhold, T., Schörnig, N. (eds) Armament, Arms Control and Artificial Intelligence. Studies in Peace and Security. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-11043-6_5
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Online ISBN: 978-3-031-11043-6