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Improving Resilience Capacity of the Policies and Planning for Temporary Shelters in Crises and Disasters

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Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience
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Abstract

Previous disasters have pointed out the importance of post-disaster planning for shelter conditions. Providing safety and comfort for everyone in disaster areas, good shelter conditions are essential for preventing diseases and disaster resilience. Temporary shelters are established in terms of operational procedures, shelter management, and basic human needs but not based on spatial factors. Spatial factors can cause social vulnerabilities and lead to difficulties. While many countries are putting efforts into action under the Sendai Framework of Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at a legislative level, the local implementation of actions for each of these goals is not successful. Neither inclusivity, accessibility, gender, nor resilience (for all) is included in the national and local disaster plans. Post-disaster sheltering demands an integrated and inclusive planning approach to building disaster capacity. In this chapter, the thematic analysis of policies on post-disaster sheltering is presented, and the international and national regulations related to inclusivity and accessibility in terms of gender are presented, and recommendations for disaster resilient sheltering are provided.

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Correspondence to Nilgün Okay .

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Okay, N., Inal, E., Yücel, G., Rashem, O.A. (2022). Improving Resilience Capacity of the Policies and Planning for Temporary Shelters in Crises and Disasters. In: Eslamian, S., Eslamian, F. (eds) Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08325-9_7

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