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Informing Coral Reef Conservation Through Metabolomic Approaches

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Coral Reef Conservation and Restoration in the Omics Age

Part of the book series: Coral Reefs of the World ((CORW,volume 15))

Abstract

Coral reef ecosystems are facing unprecedented anthropogenic pressures, and a highly uncertain future under continued climate change, requiring diverse management options to urgently retain healthy functioning and ecosystem service provisions. Over a decade of innovative research in reef genomics has positioned molecular techniques within reach of rapidly developing reactive reef management approaches and tools. In contrast, analytical techniques that focus on metabolites and their building blocks (elements)—that have proven to be highly informative as tools aiding conservation and restoration efforts of marine and terrestrial ecosystems—remain largely unapplied in the context of coral reefs. This chapter explores the current state of coral reef research using metabolite-based disciplines, covering classical metabolomics, lipidomics and volatilomics (and elemental-based elementomics), and discusses their potential for reef conservation. We suggest that these metabolomic-based approaches can be implemented in coral reef conservation by building on the vast lessons learnt from reef genomics and outline a roadmap of the key steps required to move this field forward: (1) maximise capability among the research community, (2) ensure metabolomic-based disciplines themselves are developed collectively so as to enable greater applicability, and (3) develop these disciplines in parallel to the tools (hardware) needed for management decision-making.

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Acknowledgements

Authors contributed equally to this manuscript and are listed alphabetically following the lead author. Contribution of CAL and DJS was supported by an ARC Discovery Program (200100091) grant to DJS. JLM was supported by a Human Frontier Science Programme Long-Term Postdoctoral fellowship (LT000625/2018-L). Contribution of EFC was through the University of Technology Sydney Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Research Fellowship and DE190100142. SKD and DJS were supported by the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society Te Apārangi, grant number 19-VUW-086.

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Lawson, C.A., Camp, E., Davy, S.K., Ferrier-Pagès, C., Matthews, J., Suggett, D.J. (2022). Informing Coral Reef Conservation Through Metabolomic Approaches. In: van Oppen, M.J.H., Aranda Lastra, M. (eds) Coral Reef Conservation and Restoration in the Omics Age. Coral Reefs of the World, vol 15. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-07055-6_12

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