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Transitional Future

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Part of the Palgrave Studies in Environmental Transformation, Transition and Accountability book series (PSETTA)

Abstract

After mapping the route taken by just transitions to date, and its flexibility in the face of expanding opportunities for use, this chapter moves on to propose a future for just transitions. This future is one in which there are a number of pressing issues competing for legal and regulatory attention yet each having the ability to be analysed through and advanced by the use of the just transitions framework. These future scenarios will demonstrate the ways in which just transitions can be expanded to respond to a variety of circumstances because, at heart, it must be understood to be a philosophy of inclusion and equity in decision-making that impacts multiple constituencies, with the very strong likelihood of advantaging some while disadvantaging others unless steps are taken to ensure that these disadvantages are addressed in an appropriate way, recognizing the inherent dignity of the individuals and communities impacted as well as the impacts on future generations. Using this definition, the parameters of just transitions can be seen as infinite in the construction of future law and regulation.

Keywords

  • Just transitions
  • Law
  • Regulation
  • Decarbonisation
  • Net zero
  • Pandemic
  • Covid-19
  • Post-pandemic recovery
  • Climate change
  • Climate justice
  • Climate litigation
  • Technology
  • Future generations
  • Human rights law
  • Indigenous communities

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Notes

  1. 1.

    See Chapter 2, supra.

  2. 2.

    Ibid.

  3. 3.

    The use of masculine pronouns throughout this section is done to reflect the reality that the vast majority of coal miners in the US, and around the world, have historically been and continue to be male.

  4. 4.

    See Chapter 2, supra.

  5. 5.

    Ibid.

  6. 6.

    Ibid.

  7. 7.

    Ibid.

  8. 8.

    Ibid.

  9. 9.

    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992).

  10. 10.

    Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1997).

  11. 11.

    Paris Agreement on Climate Change (2015).

  12. 12.

    See Millennium Development Goals (2000), https://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/, accessed 10 February 2022.

  13. 13.

    See UNDESA, Sustainable Development Goals, https://sdgs.un.org/goals, accessed 10 February 2022.

  14. 14.

    See Chapter 2, supra.

  15. 15.

    Ibid.

  16. 16.

    Ibid.

  17. 17.

    See Chapter 4, supra.

  18. 18.

    Ibid.

  19. 19.

    Ibid.

  20. 20.

    See ibid.

  21. 21.

    See ibid.

  22. 22.

    See Maria Antonia Tigre, Alexandra Harrington, Natalia Urzola, Alice Kasznar, Amy Van Der Kleyn, Antonio Pulgar, Astrid M. Bernal, Giada Giacomini, Hayley Evans, James R. May, Margherita Birri, Paola Apollaro, Sarah Slinger, Victoria Lichet, and Wellington Migliari, ‘Environmental Protection and Human Rights in the Pandemic’, Global Pandemic Network Journal 1 (2022), 317.

  23. 23.

    Ibid.

  24. 24.

    See generally International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1976); European Convention on Human Rights (1953); American Convention on Human Rights (1969); European Social Charter (1961).

  25. 25.

    See Tigre et al., supra note 22.

  26. 26.

    See ibid.

  27. 27.

    Ibid.

  28. 28.

    UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2017).

  29. 29.

    See generally Tigre et al., supra note 22.

  30. 30.

    Ibid.

  31. 31.

    Ibid.

  32. 32.

    Ibid.

  33. 33.

    Ibid.

  34. 34.

    Ibid.

  35. 35.

    Ibid.

  36. 36.

    UNDESA, Sustainable Development Goals: Climate Justice, https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/climate-justice/, accessed 10 February 2022.

  37. 37.

    Ibid.

  38. 38.

    See Urgenda Foundation, https://www.urgenda.nl/en/themas/climate-case/, accessed 10 February 2022.

  39. 39.

    See Friends of the Irish Environment, https://www.friendsoftheirishenvironment.org/, accessed 10 February 2022.

  40. 40.

    See Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, Marcel Szabo, and Alexandra R. Harrington (eds), Intergenerational Justice in Sustainable Development Treaty Implementation (Cambridge University Press, 2021).

  41. 41.

    Bridget Lewis, ‘The Rights of Future Generations Within the Post-Paris Climate Regime’, Transnational Environmental Law 7 (2018), 69.

  42. 42.

    See ibid.; Cordonier Segger, Szabo and Harrington, supra note 40.

  43. 43.

    See Gro Harlem Brundtland Report, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (1987).

  44. 44.

    Cordonier Segger, Szabo and Harrington, supra note 40.

  45. 45.

    European Union, A European Approach to Artificial Intelligence, https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/policies/european-approach-artificial-intelligence, accessed 10 February 2022.

  46. 46.

    Ibid.

References

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Harrington, A.R. (2022). Transitional Future. In: Just Transitions and the Future of Law and Regulation. Palgrave Studies in Environmental Transformation, Transition and Accountability. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-06182-0_5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-06182-0_5

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