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Whose Welfare State? A Racialised Logic to [Un]Protect Immigration and Asylum in Spain

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Racism in and for the Welfare State

Part of the book series: Marx, Engels, and Marxisms ((MAENMA))

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Abstract

Xenophobic approaches to social protection have contended that the Welfare State is put at risk by higher numbers of immigrants, who have been construed as a ‘burden’, rather than as contributors. These discourses rely on hierarchical classifications of humans and citizens to establish a basic distinction between the ‘deserving’ and the ‘underserving’ across gendered, racialised and class lines. This is ultimately reflected in the reduction of the welfare services for migrants across Europe, reinforced by the penetration of extreme right discourses into mainstream politics, processes of criminalisation of migration and the commodification of migrant workers. Grounded on an ethnographic study of the asylum reception system in Spain, this chapter exposes and debates the inherent racism that tints the welfare system in Spain, which contributes to foster the legal and social exclusion and welfare dependency of asylum seekers, even by means of allegedly ‘integrative’ policies, such as the Reception Programme.

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Jubany, O., Rué, A. (2022). Whose Welfare State? A Racialised Logic to [Un]Protect Immigration and Asylum in Spain. In: Perocco, F. (eds) Racism in and for the Welfare State. Marx, Engels, and Marxisms. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-06071-7_6

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