Skip to main content

Reflections and Way Forward

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Gender-Based Violence: A Comprehensive Guide


Throughout this book, various aspects of gender-based violence have been defined, categorised, and explored in detail. The impacts of gender based violence have been discussed in relation to policy and practice. Each chapter in the book highlighted a different type of gender based violence or harmful practice, although a close reading of the chapters reveals notable similarities and common features between various practices across the world. The aim of this final chapter is to reflect on the concepts and issues discussed throughout the book, identify commonalities, especially those in relation to the Power, Privilege, Positionality framework set out in Chapter one, and to explore how these relate to the abusive practices discussed throughout the book and offer some reflections for a way forward.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 79.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 99.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Ali PA, Naylor PB, Croot E, O’Cathain A (2015) Intimate partner violence in Pakistan: a systematic review. Trauma Violence Abuse 16(3):299–315

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ali PA, O’Cathain A, Croot E (2019) Not managing expectations: a grounded theory of intimate partner violence from the perspective of Pakistani people. J Interpers Violence 34(19):4085–4113

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Ali P, Rogers M, Heward-Belle S (2021) COVID-19 and domestic violence: impact on mental health. J Crim Psychol 11(3):188–202

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Anthias F (2002) Where do I belong? Narrating collective identity and translocational positionality. Ethnicities 2(4):491–514

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Asunramu Z (2020) The government’s botched response to Covid-19 will set women back decades—and shows the need for more female leaders. Prospect, London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fawcett Society (2020) Coronavirus: Impact on BAME women.

  • Galea S, Merchant RM, Lurie N (2020) The mental health consequences of COVID-19 and physical distancing: the need for prevention and early intervention. JAMA Intern Med 180(6):817–818

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Gearhart S, Perez-Patron M, Hammond TA, Goldberg DW, Klein A, Horney JA (2018) The impact of natural disasters on domestic violence: an analysis of reports of simple assault in Florida (1999–2007). Violence Gend 5(2):87–92

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Green A, Price-Feeney M, Dorison S (2020) Implications of COVID-19 for LGBTQ youth mental health and suicide prevention. The Trevor Project, West Hollywood

    Google Scholar 

  • Human Rights Watch (1999) The Enron Corporation: corporate complicity in human rights violations. Human Rights Watch, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Kilpatrick DG (2004) What is violence against women: defining and measuring the problem. J Interpers Violence 19(11):1209–1234

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen HT (2019) Gendered vulnerabilities in times of natural disasters: male-to-female violence in the Philippines in the aftermath of super typhoon Haiyan. Violence Against Women 25(4):421–440

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rogers M, Ahmed A (2017) Interrogating trans and sexual identities through the conceptual lens of translocational positionality. Sociol Res Online 22(1):81–94

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sklavou K (2019) Violence against women in armed conflicts: pre, during and post. Dialogues Clin Neurosci Ment Health 2(4):254–258

    Google Scholar 

  • Talevi D, Socci V, Carai M, Carnaghi G, Faleri S, Trebbi E, di Bernardo A, Capelli F, Pacitti F (2020) Mental health outcomes of the CoViD-19 pandemic. Riv Psichiatr 55(3):137–144

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Tjaden P (2005) Defining and measuring violence against women: background, issues, and recommendations. Stat J U N Econ Comm Eur 22(3–4):217–224

    Google Scholar 

  • UN Human Rights (2020) COVID-19 and the rights of persons with disabilities.

  • UN Women (2020) COVID-19 and ending violence against women and girls. Accessed 3 June 2022

  • United Nations (1994) The declaration on the elimination of violence against women. United Nations, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • United Nations, Women UN, UNFPA W, UNDP U (2015) Essential services package for women and girls subject to violence. UN Women, New York.

    Google Scholar 

  • Walker L (1979) The battered woman. Harper & Row, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • World Health Organization (2020) Disability considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak. Accessed 3 Jun 2022

  • Yoshihama M, Yunomae T, Tsuge A, Ikeda K, Masai R (2019) Violence against women and children following the 2011 great East Japan disaster: making the invisible visible through research. Violence Against Women 25(7):862–881

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Parveen Ali .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2023 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Ali, P., Rogers, M.M. (2023). Reflections and Way Forward. In: Ali, P., Rogers, M.M. (eds) Gender-Based Violence: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-031-05639-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-031-05640-6

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics