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The Lablab Genome: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

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Underutilised Crop Genomes

Part of the book series: Compendium of Plant Genomes ((CPG))

Abstract

Lablab (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet) is a drought-tolerant legume mainly used as human food and livestock forage, and also as medicinal plant. However, it remains underutilised because of negative attributes, including insect pest susceptibility, anti-nutritional compounds in the seeds, a long growth period and daylength sensitivity in landraces. Lablab is often grown as an insurance crop alongside traditional or staple crops on smallholder farms because of its ability to survive dry and hot seasons that might cause other crops to fail. Recent work has begun to investigate the genetic basis of some morphological and physiological traits, the partitioning of genetic variation, and identifying varieties with important agronomic features. The crop comprises vast, but largely underexploited diversity. Being the only species in the genus Lablab and phylogenetically distinct from other cultivated legumes in the genera Vigna and Phaseolus make lablab an interesting species for comparison in the legumes. Further, the evidence suggests that lablab was domesticated twice (or is made up of two wild-domesticated pairs of taxa), and these gene pools differ in some important traits, most notable the number of seeds per pod and the genome size. This offers the potential for exciting evolutionary questions to be answered and affords more power for studies aiming to understand the genetic basis of domesticated phenotypes.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank various students and researchers in our laboratories and collaborators we have worked with or are currently, including Anastasia Kolesnikova for providing comments on this chapter.

We acknowledge several researchers who provided personal comments and unique insight. The following are the affiliations for personal communications: Dr. S. Ramesh, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, e-mail: ramesh_uasb@rediffmail.com; Dr. Md. Tariqul Islam, BARI Gazipur, Bangladesh, e-mail: dir.res@bari.gov.bd; J. Chang and Dr. M. van Zonneveld, World Vegetable Center, Taiwan, e-mails: Jessica.chang@worldveg.org and maarten.vanzonneveld@worldveg.org; Dr. Kunyaporn Pipithsangchan, Genebank, Thailand, e-mail: kunyapithsan1@gmail.com; Dr. Prakit Somta, Kasetsart University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, e-mail: agrpks@ku.ac.th; Dr. M. G. Kinyua, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya, e-mail: mgkinyua@africaonline.co.ke; Dr. P. B. Venkataramana, NM-AIST, Arusha, Tanzania, e-mail: pavithravani.venkataramana@nm-aist.ac.tz; Dr. L. Guarino, Global Crop Diversity Trust, Bonn, Germany, e-mail: luigi.guarino@croptrust.org; Dr. A. J. Clapham, UK, e-mail: a.j.clapham@hotmail.co.uk; and Dr. P. Vidigal, University of Lisbon, Portugal, e-mail: pvidigal@isa.ulisboa.pt.

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L. Maass, B., A. Chapman, M. (2022). The Lablab Genome: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives. In: Chapman, M.A. (eds) Underutilised Crop Genomes . Compendium of Plant Genomes. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-00848-1_13

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