Skip to main content

Melastomataceae: Global Diversity, Distribution, and Endemism

  • 128 Accesses

Abstract

The Melastomataceae, with some 5858 species, are among the 10 largest families of flowering plants. Melastomes are subcosmopolitan and mainly distributed in the tropics and subtropics, with a majority of the species in the Neotropics. The family consists of 173 genera, and, as currently understood, it is divided into 3 clades (subfamilies): the Kibessioideae (15 species), the Olisbeoideae (556 species), and the Melastomatoideae (5287 species) with the majority of the species grouped into 21 tribes. About 64% of the species occur in the Americas, 25% in Asia and Oceania, 5.5% in Madagascar, and 5.5% in Africa, without any genus native to both the New World and Old World. The family is an important component of tropical ecosystems, especially humid forests, and occurs from sea level to high mountain elevations. Although it occurs in seasonally dry habitats, it does not occur in true desert environments. Members of the Melastomataceae are mostly herbs and shrubs, but there are also climbing lianas, epiphytes, hemiepiphytes, and small-to-emergent trees. In this chapter, we combine our expertise and research to present an overview of the worldwide taxonomic diversity of the Melastomataceae, including the number of genera and species, geographical distribution, and the main centers of species richness.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-99742-7_1
  • Chapter length: 26 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-99742-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  • Almeda F (1977) Systematics of the neotropical genus Centradenia (Melastomataceae). J Arnold Arbor 58:73–108

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F (1993a) Pilocosta (Melastomataceae), revisited: a new species, polyploidy, and the base chromosome number of the genus. Novon 3:311–316

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F (1993b) Stanmarkia, a new genus of Melastomataceae from the volcanic highlands of western Guatemala and adjacent Mexico. Brittonia 45:187–203

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F (1997) Systematics of the Andean genus Centradeniastrum (Melastomataceae). BioLlania Ed Esp 6:153–166

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F (2009) Melastomataceae. In: Davidse G, Sousa SM, Knapp S, Chiang F (eds) Flora Mesoamericana, 1, vol 4. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, pp 164–338

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Whiffin T (1980 [1981]) Pilocosta, a new genus of tropical American Melastomataceae. Syst Bot 5:294–311

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Robinson OR (2011) Systematics and phylogeny of Siphanthera (Melastomataceae). Syst Bot Monogr 93:1–101

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Martins AB (2015) Pterolepis haplostemona (Melastomataceae): a new serpentine endemic from Goiás, Brazil. Phytotaxa 201:233–238

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Pacifico R (2018) Neotropical Poteranthera (Melastomataceae: Microlicieae) Revisited. Syst Bot 43:552–556. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364418X697274

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Michelangeli FA, Viana PL (2016a) Brasilianthus (Melastomataceae), a new monotypic genus endemic to ironstone outcrops in the Brazilian Amazon. Phytotaxa 273(269–282):10.11646/phytotaxa.273.4.3

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Mendoza-Cifuentes H, Penneys DS, Michelangeli FA, Alvear M (2016b) Melastomataceae. In: Bernal R, Gradstein SR, Celis M (eds) Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia, vol II. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, pp 1585–1664, 2537–2538

    Google Scholar 

  • Almeda F, Ranarivelo H, Stone RD (in press) Melastomataceae: princess flowers. In: Goodman SM (ed) The new natural history of Madagascar. Princeton, Princeton University Press

    Google Scholar 

  • Alvear M, Almeda F (2019) Revision of Monochaetum (Melastomataceae: Melastomateae) in Colombia. Syst Bot Monogr 109:1–155

    Google Scholar 

  • Alvear M, Ocampo C, Parra-O C, Carbonó E, Almeda F (2015) Melastomataceae of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (Colombia): floristic affinities and annotated catalogue. Phytotaxa 195:1–30

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Amarasinghe P, Joshi S, Page N, Wijedasa LS, Merello M, Kathriarachchi H, Stone RD, Judd W, Kodandaramaiah U, Cellinese N (2021) Evolution and biogeography of Memecylon. Am J Bot https://doi.org/10.1002/ajb2.1624. Epub ahead of print

  • Amorim AM, Goldenberg R, Michelangeli FA (2009) A new species of Physeterostemon (Melastomataceae) from Bahia, Brazil, with notes on the phylogeny of the genus. Syst Bot 34:324–329. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364409788606389

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bacci LF, Amorim AM, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R (2018) Increased sampling in under-collected areas sheds new light on the diversity and distribution of Bertolonia, an Atlantic Forest endemic genus. Syst Bot 43:767–792

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bacci LF, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R (2019) Revisiting the classification of Melastomataceae: Implications for habit and fruit evolution. Bot J Linn Soc 190:1–24

    Google Scholar 

  • Bacci LF, Amorim AM, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R (2020) Flower morphology is correlated with distribution and phylogeny in Bertolonia (Melastomataceae), an herbaceous genus endemic to the Atlantic Forest. Mol Phylogenet Evol 149:106844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106844

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bakhuizen van den Brink RC (fil) (1943) A contribution to the knowledge of the Melastomataceae occurring in the Malay archipelago especially in the Netherlands East Indies. Recueil Trav Bot Neerl 40:1–391

    Google Scholar 

  • Bánki O, Roskov Y, Vandepitte L, DeWalt RE, Remsen D, Schalk P, Orrell T, Keping M, Miller J, Aalbu R, Adlard R, Adriaenssens E, Aedo C, Aescht E, Akkari N, Alonso-Zarazaga MA, Alvarez B, Alvarez F, Anderson G et al (2021) Catalogue of life checklist (version 2021-08-25). Catalogue of Life. https://doi.org/10.48580/d4sg

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Baumgratz JFA (1989) O gênero Bertolonia Raddi (Melastomataceae): Revisão taxonômica e considerações anatômicas. Arq Jard Bot Rio J 30:69–213

    Google Scholar 

  • Baumgratz JFA (2004) Sinopse de Huberia DC. (Melastomataceae: Merianieae). Rev Bras Bot 27:545–561

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Baumgratz JFA, D’El Rei Souza ML, Tavares RDM (2004) Bisglaziovia Cogn. (Merianieae, Melastomataceae): Considerações Taxonômicas e Biogeográficas. Bradea 10:75–80

    Google Scholar 

  • Baumgratz JFA, Fidanza K, Bernardo R, Chiavegatto B, Goldenberg R, Guimarães PJF, Kriebel R, Martins AB, Michelangeli FA, Reginato RR, Souza ML, Woodgyer E (2010) Melastomataceae. In: Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil, vol 2, pp 1236–1277

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernal R, Gradstein SR, Celis M (2015) New names and new combinations for the catalogue of the plants and lichens of Colombia. Phytoneuron 22:1–6

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernal R, Gradstein SR, Celis M (eds) (2016) Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia, vol 1. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá

    Google Scholar 

  • Berry P, Gröger A, Holst BK, Morley T, Michelangeli FA, Luckana NG, Almeda F, Renner SS, Freire-Fierro A, Robinson OR, Yatskievych K (2002) Melastomataceae. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 6:263–528

    Google Scholar 

  • Bochorny T, Michelangeli FA, Almeda F, Goldenberg R (2019) Phylogenetics, morphology and circumscription of Cambessedesieae: a new Neotropical tribe of Melastomataceae. Bot J Linn Soc 190:281–302

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bremer K (1982) Lijndenia, a re-established paleotropical genus of the Melastomataceae—Memecylaceae. Nord J Bot 2:121–124

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cámara-Leret R, Ridder-Numan JWA, Veldkamp JF (2013) Revision of Heteroblemma gen. nov. (Dissochaeteae-Melastomataceae) from Malesia and Vietnam. Blumea 58:229–240

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cámara-Leret R, Frodin DG, Adema F et al (2020) New Guinea has the world’s richest island flora. Nature 584:579–583

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cardoso D, Särkinen T, Alexander S, Amorim AM, Bittrich V, Celis M, Daly DC, Fiaschi P, Funk VA, Giacomin LL, Goldenberg R (2017) Amazon plant diversity revealed by a taxonomically verified species list. Proc Natl Acad Sci 114:10695–10700

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cellinese N (1997) Notes on the systematics and biogeography of the Sonerila generic alliance (Melastomataceae) with special focus on fruit characters. Tropical Biodiversity 4:83–93

    Google Scholar 

  • Cellinese N (2002) Revision of the genus Phyllagathis Blume (Melastomataceae:Sonerileae). I. The species of Burma, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. Blumea 47:463–492

    Google Scholar 

  • Cellinese N (2003) Revision of the genus Phyllagathis Blume (Melastomataceae: Sonerileae). II. The species of Borneo and Natuna Island. Blumea 48:69–97

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cellinese N (2007) Two new species in the genus Poikilogyne (Melastomataceae) from Papua New Guinea. Novon 17:20–23

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Chen J, Renner SS (2007) Melastomataceae. In: Wu ZY, Raven PH, Hong DY (eds) Flora of China, vol 13. Science Press/Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing/St. Louis, pp 360–399

    Google Scholar 

  • Clausing G (2000) Revision of Pachycentria (Melastomataceae). Blumea 45:341–375

    Google Scholar 

  • Cogniaux A (1891) Mélastomacées. In: de Candolle ALP, de Candolle C (eds) Monographiae phanerogamarum, vol 7. G. Masson, Paris, pp 1–1256

    Google Scholar 

  • Cotton E, Borchsenius F, Balslev H (2014) A revision of Axinaea (Melastomataceae). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 4:1–120

    Google Scholar 

  • Fernandes A, Fernandes R (1956) Melastomataceae africanae novae vel minus cognitae—III. Bol Soc Broteriana 30:183–297

    Google Scholar 

  • Fidanza K (2009) Estudos taxonômicos em Cambessedesia DC. (Melastomataceae). PhD, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas

    Google Scholar 

  • Figueiredo E (2001) A revision of Calvoa Hook.f. (Melastomataceae). Bot J Linn Soc 136:179–205

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Freire-Fierro A (2002) Monograph of Aciotis (Melastomataceae). Syst Bot Monogr 62:1–99

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fritsch PW, Almeda F, Renner SS, Martins AB, Cruz BC (2004) Phylogeny and circumscription of the near-endemic Brazilian tribe Microlicieae (Melastomataceae). Am J Bot 91:1105–1114. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.7.1105

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Giulietti AM, Pirani JR (1997) Espinhaço Range Region, Eastern Brazil. In: Davis SD, Heywood VH, Herrera-MacBryde O, Villa-Lobos JH, Hamilton AC (eds) Centres of plant diversity: a guide and strategy for their conservation. Vol. 3 (The Americas). IUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge, UK, pp 397–404

    Google Scholar 

  • Goldenberg R, Amorim AM (2006) Physeterostemon (Melastomataceae): a new genus and two new species from the Bahian Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Taxon 55:965–972

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Goldenberg R, Fraga CN, Fontana AP, Nicolas AN, Michelangeli FA (2012) Taxonomy and phylogeny of Merianthera (Melastomataceae). Taxon 61:1040–1056

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Goldenberg R, Almeda F, Caddah MK, Martins AB, Meirelles J, Michelangeli FA, Weiss M (2013) Nomenclator botanicus for the neotropical genus Miconia (Melastomataceae). Phytotaxa 106:1–171

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Goldenberg R, Almeda F, Sosa K, Ribeiro RC, Michelangeli FA (2015) Rupestrea: a new Brazilian genus of Melastomataceae, with anomalous seeds and dry indehiscent fruits. Syst Bot 40:561–571. https://doi.org/10.1600/036364415X688862

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Goldenberg R, Baumgratz, JFA, Michelangeli FA, Guimarães PJF, Romero R, Versiane AFA, Fidanza K, Völtz RR, Silva DN, Lima LFG, Gonçalves KC, Bacci LF, Fontelas JC, Pacifico R, Brito ES, Rocha MJR, Caddah MK, Meirelles J, Rosa P, Ferreira-Alves R, Santos AKA, Moreira KVC, Reginato M, Oliveira LFA, Freire-Fierro A, Amorim AMA, Martins AB, Koschnitzke C, Almeda F, Jesus JC, Hinoshita LKR, Kriebel, R (2020a) Melastomataceae in Flora do Brasil 2020. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/floradobrasil/FB161

  • Goldenberg R, Michelangeli FA, Amorim AM (2020b) First record of Loricalepis (Melastomataceae) from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, with the description of a new species from Bahia. Brittonia 72:308–316. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-020-09629-6

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grimm D, Almeda F (2013) Systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography of Chaetolepis (Melastomataceae). J Bot Res Inst Tex 7:217–263

    Google Scholar 

  • Guimarães PJF, da Silva MFO, Rocha MJR (2017) Nomenclator botanicus for Acisanthera (Melastomataceae: Marcetia alliance). Brittonia 69(2):231–240

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Guimarães PJF, Michelangeli FA, Sosa K, de Santiago Gomez RJ (2019) Systematics of Tibouchina and allies (Melastomataceae: Melastomateae): a new taxonomic classification. Taxon 68:937–1002. https://doi.org/10.1002/tax.12151

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1977) The Asiatic species of Osbeckia (Melastomataceae). Ginkgoana 4:1–150

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1979) A revision of the genus Sarcopyramis Wall. (Melastomataceae). Bot Tidsskr 73:177–184

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1980) A revision of Barthea. Notes Roy Bot Gard Edinburgh 38:489–493

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1982) A revision of Blastus Lour. (Melastomataceae). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, ser 4(4), B Adansonia 1-2:43–77

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1984) Vietsenia C. Hansen, a new genus of the Melastomataceae for Vietnam. Adansonia 2:147–156

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1985a) The genus Brittenia. Willdenowia 15:171–173

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1985b) Taxonomic revision of Driessenia (Melastomataceae). Nord J Bot 5:335–352

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1985c) A revision of Neodriessenia. Bot Jahrb Syst Pflanzengesch Pflanzengeogr 106:1–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1985d) Stussenia, a new genus in the Melastomataceae. Willdenowia 15:175–176

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1987a) Aschistanthera, a monotypic new genus for Vietnam (Melastomataceae). Nord J Bot 7:653–654

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1987b) Poilannammia C. Hansen (Melastomataceae), a new genus of four new species endemic to Vietnam. Adansonia 3:263–271

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1988a) The genus Campimia (Melastomataceae). Willdenowia 17:147–151

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1988b) Kerriothyrsus, a new genus of Melastomataceae. Willdenowia 17:153–157

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1988c) A revision of the genus Plagiopetalum Rehd. (Melastomataceae). Adansonia 2:127–136

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1990a) The monotypic genus Cyphotheca (Melastomataceae). Nord J Bot 10:21–23

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1990b) New species and combinations in Allomorphia, Phyllagathis, and Sporoxeia (Melastomataceae) in Indo-China. Adansonia 1:37–41

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1990c) Tylanthera (Melastomataceae), a new genus of two species endemic to Thailand. Nord J Bot 9:631–635

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C (1992) The genus Phyllagathis (Melastomataceae); characteristics; delimitation; the species in Indo-China and China. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, B Adansonia 14:355–428

    Google Scholar 

  • Hansen C, Wickens GE (1981) A revision of Ochthocharis (Melastomataceae), including Phaeoneuron of Africa. Kew Bull 36:13–29

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Harley RM (1995) Introduction. In: Stannard BL (ed) Flora of the Pico das Almas, Chapada Diamantina. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Bahia, Brazil, pp 1–40

    Google Scholar 

  • Hu SY (1952) Notes on the Flora of China, II. J Arnold Arbor 33:166–178

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1973a) Contribution à l’étude du genre Rousseauxia (Melast.). Adansonia 13:177–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1973b) Le genre Amphiblemma Naud. (Mélastomatacées). Adansonia 13:429–459

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1974) Le genre Dicellandra Hook. f. (Mélastomatacées). Adansonia 14:77–98

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1977) Le genre Preussiella Gilg (Mélastomatacées). Adansonia 16:405–414

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1978) Les genres de Memecyleae (Melastomataceae) en Afrique, Madagascar et Mascareignes. Adansonia 18:221–235

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1981) Révision du genre Calvoa (Melastomataceae). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, 4e sér, B Adansonia 3:123–143

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1983) 25. Mélastomatacées. In: Leroy JF (ed) Flore du Gabon. Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, p 166

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1985a) Les Memecyleae (Melastomataceae) de Madagascar (1re partie). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, B Adansonia 6:383–451

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1985b) Les Memecyleae (Melastomataceae) de Madagascar (2e partie). Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, B Adansonia 7:3–58

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacques-Félix H (1994 [1995]) Histoire des Melastomataceae d’Afrique. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat, sér 4, 16(2–4):235–311

    Google Scholar 

  • Kadereit G (2005) Revision of Plethiandra Hook. f.; a polystaminate, East Asian genus of Melastomataceae. Edinb J Bot 62:127–144. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960428606000175

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kartonegoro A, Veldkamp JF (2013) Revision of Creochiton (Melastomataceae). Blumea 58:217–227

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kartonegoro A, Hovenkamp P, van Welzen P (2019) A taxonomic revision of Macrolenes (Melastomataceae). Gard Bull (Singap) 71:185–241

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kartonegoro A, Veldkamp JF, Hovenkamp P, van Welzen P (2018) A revision of Dissochaeta (Melastomataceae, Dissochaeteae). PhytoKeys:1–178. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.107.26548

  • Kartonegoro A, Liu Y, de Oliveira SM, van Welzen P (2020) Taxonomic revision of Pseudodissochaeta (Melastomataceae, Dissochaeteae). Phytotaxa 468:159–174

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kartonegoro A, Veranso-Libalah MC, Kadereit G, Frenger A, Penneys DS, Mota de Oliveira S, van Welzen PC (2021) Molecular phylogenetics of the Dissochaeta-alliance (Melastomataceae): redefining tribe Dissochaeteae. Taxon 70:793–825

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kokubugata G, Nakamura K, Kuo WH, Qi ZC, Chung KF, Fu CX, Suzuki Y, Yokota M (2019) Reappraisal of Tashiroea as a genus independent of Bredia (Melastomataceae) based on molecular data. Phytotaxa 392:75–83. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.392.1.8

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Koschnitzke C, Martins AB (2006) Revisão taxonômica de Chaetostoma DC. (Melastomataceae, Microlicieae). Arq Mus Nac Rio de Janeiro 64:95–119

    Google Scholar 

  • Kral R, Bostick PE (1969) The genus Rhexia (Melastomataceae). Sida 3:387–440

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriebel R (2008) Systematics and biogeography of the Neotropical genus Acisanthera (Melastomataceae). MS thesis, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriebel R (2012) A synopsis of the genus Poteranthera (Melastomeae: Melastomataceae) with the description of a new, apparently pollinator deceiving species. Brittonia 64:6–14

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Li HL (1944) Studies in the Melastomataceae of China. J Arnold Arbor 25:1–42

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lozano G, Becerra de Lozano N (1999) Los géneros Allomaieta y Cyphostyla (Melastomataceae). Rev Acad Colomb Cienc 23:5–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Mancera JP (2017) Morphological phylogenetic analysis of the Astronieae (Melastomataceae). MS thesis, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California

    Google Scholar 

  • Martins AB (1984) Revisão taxonômica do gênero Cambessedesia DC. (Melastomataceae). MS thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas

    Google Scholar 

  • Martins AB (1989) Revisão taxonômica do gênero Marcetia DC. (Melastomataceae). PhD thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas

    Google Scholar 

  • Martins AB, Almeda F (2017) A monograph of the Brazilian endemic genus Lavoisiera (Melastomataceae: Microlicieae). Phytotaxa 315:1–194. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.315.1.1

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Martins E (1997) Revisão taxonômica do gênero Trembleya DC. (Melastomataceae). MSc thesis, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas

    Google Scholar 

  • Maxwell JF (1981) A revision of the genus Pternandra (Melastomataceae). Gard Bull (Singap) 34:1–90

    Google Scholar 

  • Maxwell JF (1989) The genus Anerincleistus Korth. (Melastomataceae). Proc Acad Natl Sci Phila 141:29–72

    Google Scholar 

  • Maxwell JF, Veldkamp JF (1990a) Notes on the Astronieae (Melastomataceae). I. Astrocalyx, Astronia. Blumea 35:71–114

    Google Scholar 

  • Maxwell JF, Veldkamp JF (1990b) Notes on the Astronieae (Melastomataceae). II. Astronidium, Beccarianthus. Blumea 35:115–165

    Google Scholar 

  • Mendoza-Cifuentes H (2020) Taxonomic revision of the genus Wurdastom (Melastomataceae: Cyphostyleae). Acta Bot Mex 127:e1642. https://doi.org/10.21829/abm127.2020.1642

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mendoza-Cifuentes H (2021) Revisión taxonómica del género Meriania (Melastomataceae) en Colombia. Acta Bot Mex 128:e1734. https://doi.org/10.21829/abm128.2021.1734

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mendoza-Cifuentes H, Fernández-Alonso JL (2011) Análisis cladístico de Centronia (Merianieae/Melastomataceae) con base en caracteres morfológicos. Rev Acad Colomb Cienc Exactas Fis Nat 35:431–450

    Google Scholar 

  • Meyer K (2001) Revision of the Southeast Asian genus Melastoma. Blumea 46:351–398

    Google Scholar 

  • Meyer FS, Reginato M, Smidt EC, Santiago-Gómez JR, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R (2021) Phylogenetic relationships in Brachyotum and allies (Melastomataceae, Melastomateae): a reassessment of the limits of its genera. Bot J Linn Soc. https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/boab014

  • Michelangeli FA, Ulloa Ulloa C (2016) A new species of Alloneuron (Melastomataceae) from northern Peru. Brittonia 68:429–432. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-016-9436-2

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Michelangeli FA, Nicolas A, Morales-P ME, David H (2011) Phylogenetic relationships of Allomaieta, Alloneuron, Cyphostyla, and Wurdastom (Melastomataceae) and the resurrection of the tribe Cyphostyleae. Int J Plant Sci 172:1165. https://doi.org/10.1086/662032

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Michelangeli FA, Ulloa Ulloa C, Sosa K (2014) Quipuanthus, a new genus of Melastomataceae from the foothills of the Andes in Ecuador and Peru. Syst Bot 39:533–540

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R, Almeda F, Judd WS, Bécquer ER, Ocampo G, Ionta GM, Skean JD Jr, Majure LC, Penneys DS (2019) Nomenclatural novelties in Miconia (Melastomataceae: Miconieae). Brittonia 71:82–121

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Michelangeli FA, Almeda F, Goldenberg R, Penneys DS (2020) Guide to curating New World Melastomataceae collections with a linear generic sequence to world-wide Melastomataceae. Preprints 2020:2020100203. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202010.0203.v1

  • Morales ME (2010) Análisis filogenético de Huilaea Wurdack (Melastomataceae) basado en datos morfológicos y moleculares. PhD thesis, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá

    Google Scholar 

  • Morley T (1963) Votomita Aublet (Melastomataceae). Bull Torrey Bot Club 90:1–16

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Morley T (1976) Memecyleae (Melastomataceae). Fl Neotrop Monogr 15:1–295

    Google Scholar 

  • Morley T (1989) New species and other taxonomic matters in the New World Memecyleae (Melastomataceae). Ann Missouri Bot Gard 76:430–433

    Google Scholar 

  • Morley T (1999) A new species of Votomita (Melastomataceae) from Venezuela, with thoughts on ovule and seed number and seed size. Novon 9:241–244

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Morley T, Almeda F (1995) A new Votomita (Melastomataceae) from Panama. Novon 5:290–293

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nayar MP (1965) Contributions to the knowledge of Indo-Malaysian and other Asiatic Melastomataceae. Kew Bull 19:501–506

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nayar MP (1969) A new species and notes on Cyanandrium. Bull Bot Surv India 10:334–336

    Google Scholar 

  • Nayar MP (1974) A revision of Plethiandra (Melastomataceae). Reinwardtia 9:143–151

    Google Scholar 

  • Nayar MP (1982) Revision of Catanthera F. v. Mueller (Melastomataceae). Reinwardtia 10:35–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Neo L, Wong KM, Tan HTW (2017) Studies in Southeast Asian Melastoma (Melastomataceae), 3. A new species of Melastoma from peninsular Malaysia. Phytotaxa 317:286–291. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.317.4.3

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nesom GL (2012) Infrageneric classification of Rhexia (Melastomataceae). Phytoneuron 15:1–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Okada H, Tsukaya H, Soejima A (2017) A new species of Heteroblemma (Melastomataceae) from West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia. Acta Phytotaxa Geobot 689(2):101–106

    Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS (2013) Preliminary phylogeny of the Astronieae (Melastomataceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data, with comments on the Philippine endemic genus, Astrocalyx. Philipp J Sci 142:159–168

    Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS, Judd WS (2013a) A revised circumscription for the Blakeeae (Melastomataceae) with associated nomenclatural adjustments. PhytoKeys 20:17–32. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.20.4344

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS, Judd WS (2013b) Combined molecular and morphological phylogenetic analyses of the Blakeeae (Melastomataceae). Int J Plant Sci 174:802–817

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS, Michelangeli FA, Judd WS, Almeda F (2010) Henrietteeae: a new neotropical tribe of berry-fruited Melastomataceae. Syst Bot 35:783–800

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS, Ulloa Ulloa C, Neill DA, Fernández D (2015) A new species of Chalybea (Blakeeae, Melastomataceae) from the Ecuador-Peru border. Phytotaxa 212(4):264–270

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Penneys DS, Almeda F, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R, Martins AB, Fritsch PW (2020) Lithobieae and Eriocnemeae: two new neotropical tribes of Melastomataceae. Phytotaxa 453:157–178

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Perrier de la Bâthie H (1951) Flore de Madagascar et des Comores: 153e Famille—Mélastomatacées. Firmin-Didot et Cie, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  • Prashob P, Thomas SM (2019) The genus Osbeckia (Melastomataceae) in India. Rheedea 29:236–305

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ranarivelo H, Almeda F (2019) A new Dichaetanthera (Melastomataceae: Melastomateae) from Masoala National Park in Madagascar. Candollea 74:131–136

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rangel JR, Garzón CA (1997) Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. In: Davis SD, Heywood VH, Herrera-MacBryde O, Villa-Lobos J, Hamilton AC (eds) Centres of plant diversity: a guide and strategy for their conservation. Vol. 3 (The Americas). IUCN Publication Unit, Cambridge, UK, pp 426–430

    Google Scholar 

  • Regalado JC (1990) Revision of Medinilla (Melastomataceae) of Borneo. Blumea 35:5–70

    Google Scholar 

  • Regalado JC (1995) Revision of Philippine Medinilla (Melastomataceae). Blumea 40:113–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Renner SS (1987) Sandemania hoehnei (Melastomataceae: Tibouchineae): taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Brittonia 39:441–446

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Renner SS (1989) Systematic studies in the Melastomataceae Bellucia, Loreya and Macairea. Mem NY Bot Gard 50:1–112

    Google Scholar 

  • Renner SS (1990) A revision of Rhynchanthera Melastomataceae. Nord J Bot 9:601–630

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Renner SS (1994a) A revision of Pterolepis (Melastomataceae: Melastomeae). Nord J Bot 14:73–104

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Renner SS (1994b) Revisions of Pterogastra and Schwackaea (Melastomataceae: Melastomeae). Nord J Bot 14:65–71

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rocha MJR, Guimarães PJF, Michelangeli FA, Romero R (2016) Phylogenetic placement and a new circumscription of Poteranthera (Microlicieae; Melastomataceae). Phytotaxa 263:219–232. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.263.3.3

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Rocha MJR, Guimarães PJ, Michelangeli FA, Nogueira Batista JA (2018 [2017]) Taxonomy of Marcetieae: a new neotropical tribe of Melastomataceae. Int J Plant Sci 179:50–74

    Google Scholar 

  • Schulman L, Hyvönen J (2003) A cladistic analysis of Adelobotrys (Melastomataceae) based on morphology, with notes on generic limits within the tribe Merianieae. Syst Bot 28:738–756

    Google Scholar 

  • Seco, RC (2006) Estudos taxonômicos no gênero Comolia (Melastomataceae – Melastomeae) no Brasil. MS thesis. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas

    Google Scholar 

  • Silva MFO, Guimarães PFJ, Michelangeli FA (2014) Nomenclatural and taxonomic novelties in the tribe Melastomeae (Melastomataceae). Phytotaxa 186:222–228

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Silva DN, Rocha MJR, Guimarães PJF (2020) Nomenclator botanicus of Appendicularia DC. Phytotaxa 460:230–234

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD (2006) Phylogeny of major lineages in Melastomataceae, subfamily Olisbeoideae: utility of nuclear glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapC) gene sequences. Syst Bot 31:107–121

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD (2012) Endemism, species richness and morphological trends in Madagascan Memecylon (Melastomataceae). Plant Ecol Evolut 145:145–151

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD (2014) The species-rich, paleotropical genus Memecylon (Melastomataceae): molecular phylogenetics and revised infrageneric classification of the African species. Taxon 63:539–561

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD (2017) Revised treatment of the genus Lijndenia (Melastomataceae, Olisbeoideae) in Madagascar. Candollea 72:67–86

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD, Andreasen K (2010) The Afro-Madagascan genus Warneckea (Melastomataceae): molecular systematics and revised infrageneric classification. Taxon 59:83–92

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stone RD, Luke Q (2015) Lijndenia udzungwarum (Melastomataceae-Olisbeoideae): a new, endemic species from the Udzungwa Mountains of southern Tanzania. Phytotaxa 226:169–176

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Tavares RDM (2005) Revisāo taxonōmica do gênero Behuria Cham. (Melastomataceae, Merianieae). MS thesis, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro

    Google Scholar 

  • Todzia CA, Almeda F (1991) A revision of Tibouchina section Lepidotae (Melastomataceae: Tibouchineae). Proc Calif Acad Sci 47:175–206

    Google Scholar 

  • Ulloa Ulloa C, Neill DA (2006) Phainantha shuariorum (Melastomataceae), una especie nueva de la Cordillera del Cóndor, Ecuador, disyunta de un género guayanés. Novon 16:281–285

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ulloa Ulloa C, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Beck S, Belgrano MJ, Bernal R, Berry PE, Brako L, Celis M, Davidse G, Forzza RC, Gradstein SR, Hokche O, León B, León-Yánez S, Magill RE, Neill DA, Nee M, Raven PH, Stimmel H, Strong MT, Villaseñor JL, Zarucchi JL, Zuloaga FO, Jørgensen PM (2017) An integrated assessment of the vascular plants species of the Americas. Science 358:1614–1617

    CAS  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ulloa Ulloa C, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Beck S, Belgrano MJ, Bernal R, Berry PE, Brako L, Celis M, Davidse G, Forzza RC, Gradstein SR, Hokche O, León B, León-Yánez S, Magill RE, Neill DA, Nee M, Raven PH, Stimmel H, Strong MT, Villaseñor JL, Zarucchi JL, Zuloaga FO, Jørgensen PM (2018 onwards) Vascular plants of the Americas (VPA) Website. Tropicos, Botanical Information System at the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MI, USA. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/VPA

  • van der Burgt XM, Haba PM, Magassouba S, Veranso-Libalah MC (2022) Benna alternifolia (Melastomataceae: Sonerileae), a new herbaceous genus and species from Guinea, West Africa. Willdenowia 52:25–37. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.52.52/02

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Stone RD, Fongod AGN, Couvreur TLP, Kadereit G (2017a) Phylogeny and systematics of African Melastomateae (Melastomataceae). Taxon 66:584–614

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Stone RD, Kadereit G (2017b) Argyrella richardsiae, a new species of Melastomataceae from the wet miombo woodlands of south-central Africa. PhytoKeys 82:113–121

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Kadereit G, Stone RD, Couvreur TLP (2018) Multiple shifts to open habitats in Melastomateae (Melastomataceae) congruent with the increase of African Neogene climatic aridity. J Biogeogr 45:1420–1431. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13210

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Lachenaud O, Stone RD, Kadereit G (2019) Nothodissotis (Melastomataceae), a new genus from Atlantic Central Africa, including the new species N. alenensis from Equatorial Guinea. PhytoKeys:89–103. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.118.31572

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Stone RD, Kadereit G (2020) Towards a complete phylogeny of African Melastomateae: systematics of Dissotis and allies (Melastomataceae). Taxon 69:946–991

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Veranso-Libalah MC, Stone RD, Haba PM, Magassouba S, Kadereit G, Burgt XM van der (2021) Phylogenetic placement of Cailliella praerupticola (Melastomataceae), a rare, monospecific lineage from Guinea, West Africa. Willdenowia 51:47–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Versiane AF, Romero R, Reginato M, Welker CA, Michelangeli FA, Goldenberg R (2021) Phylogenetic analysis of Microlicieae (Melastomataceae), with emphasis on the re-circumscription of the large genus Microlicia. Bot J Linn Soc 197:35–60

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Villaseñor JL (2016) Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico. Rev Mex Biodivers 87:559–902

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wallnöfer B (1996) A revision of the genus Alloneuron Pilg. and segregation of Wurdastom gen.n. (Melastomataceae). Ann Nat Hist Mus Wien Ser B Bot Zool 98:447–462

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallnöfer B (1999) Alloneuron Pilg. (Melastomataceae): some additions. Ann Nat Hist Mus Wien Ser B Bot Zool 101B:593–598

    Google Scholar 

  • Warner RH (2002) Systematics of the genus Monolena (Melastomataceae) in Central America. Proc Calif Acad Sci 53:95–116

    Google Scholar 

  • Whiffin TP (1972) A systematic study of the genus Heterocentron (Melastomataceae). PhD thesis, University of Texas, Austin

    Google Scholar 

  • Whiffin TP (1990) Melastomataceae. In: George AS (ed) Fl. Australia, vol 18, pp 243–255

    Google Scholar 

  • Wickens GE (1975) Melastomataceae. In: Polhill RM (ed) Flora of Tropical East Africa. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Wong KM (2016) Studies in Southeast Asian Melastoma (Melastomataceae), 2. The genus Melastoma in Borneo including 31 new species. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, in association with National Parks Board, Singapore, 184 pp

    Google Scholar 

  • Wurdack JJ (1953) A revision of the genus Brachyotum (Tibouchineae-Melastomataceae). Mem NY Bot Gard 8:343–407

    Google Scholar 

  • Wurdack JJ (1964) Melastomataceae. In: Maguire B, Wurdack JJ et al (eds) The botany of the Guayana highland—Part 5. Mem NY Bot Gard, vol 10. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY, pp 135–186

    Google Scholar 

  • Wurdack JJ (1976) Endemic Melastomataceae of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Brittonia 28:138–143

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wurdack JJ, Renner SS, Morley T (1993) Melastomataceae. In: Görts-van Rijn ARA (ed) Flora of the Guianas. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, 13:1-424

    Google Scholar 

  • Wurdack KJ, Michelangeli FA (2019) Systematics and relationships of Tryssophyton (Melastomataceae), with a second species from the Pakaraima Mountains of Guyana. PhytoKeys:1, 10.3897/phytokeys.136.38558–21

    Google Scholar 

  • Zabalgoitia A, Figueroa DS, Muñiz-Castro MA (2020) A new species of Miconia (Melastomataceae) endemic to western Jalisco, Mexico. Phytotaxa 432:1–10

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zeng SJ, Zou LH, Wang P, Hong WJ, Zhang GQ, Chen LJ, Zhuang XY (2016) Preliminary phylogeny of Fordiophyton (Melastomataceae), with the description of two new species. Phytotaxa 247:45–61

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zeng SJ, Xu YC, Wang GT, Jia P, Cui DF (2021) Tigridiopalma exalata, a new and endangered species of Melastomataceae from China. PhytoKeys 176:33–42

    PubMed  PubMed Central  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zhou QJ, Dai JH, Lin CW, Denda T, Zhou RC, Liu Y (2019) Recircumscription of Bredia and resurrection of Tashiroea (Sonerileae, Melastomataceae) with description of a new species T. villosa. PhytoKeys:121–150. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.127.36608

Download references

Acknowledgments

Liz Gjieli (NY) prepared the maps. Marcelo Reginato assisted with the species checklist. We thank W. Judd, L. Majure, and an anonymous reviewer for their comments. We also thank Roy E. Gereau and Lou Jost for permission to use their photographs.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Carmen Ulloa Ulloa .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Ulloa Ulloa, C. et al. (2022). Melastomataceae: Global Diversity, Distribution, and Endemism. In: Goldenberg, R., Michelangeli, F.A., Almeda, F. (eds) Systematics, Evolution, and Ecology of Melastomataceae. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99742-7_1

Download citation