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Visions of the Future World Order—Carr, Fanon, Du Bois, Césaire and the Post-war Settlement

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E. H. Carr: Imperialism, War and Lessons for Post-Colonial IR

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Abstract

This chapter engages with Carr and the first wave of post-colonial thinkers’ visions of the post-war settlement. Despite their common aim in addressing the individual’s sense of alienation in late-modern society, Carr and the first wave of post-colonial thinkers’ visions of this settlement diverged. Carr and Césaire were closer to one another in that they advocated a post-war settlement that was cosmopolitan and addressed the individual’s sense of alienation without emphasis on national sovereignty. They both supported multinational empires that would grant colonial subjects equal social and economic rights, as well as cultural freedom. Unlike Carr and Césaire, Fanon and Du Bois could not envisage the resolution of the problem of alienation in the colonial context without national liberation and the assertion of sovereignty by former colonies. National independence, Fanon and Du Bois however warned, cannot address the social question in the new reality of neo-colonialism under global capitalism without African unity. As well as granting national sovereignty, this unity would provide a sense of solidarity as a bulwark against individual alienation in the context of colonial control, racism, and exploitation. Having set out their visions, the chapter argues that, with the benefit of hindsight, these visions can be seen as idealistic today.

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Correspondence to Haro L Karkour .

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Karkour, H.L. (2022). Visions of the Future World Order—Carr, Fanon, Du Bois, Césaire and the Post-war Settlement. In: E. H. Carr: Imperialism, War and Lessons for Post-Colonial IR. Palgrave Studies in International Relations. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99360-3_5

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