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The Environmental Analysis of a Product Manufactured with the Use of an Additive Technology

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Advances in Manufacturing III (MANUFACTURING 2022)

Abstract

The use of additive technologies is one of the key elements of the Industry 4.0 structure. An unquestionable advantage of additive manufacturing is the speed of introducing changes in computer models, and thus the ease of product customization. Examples of such products are orthoses, prostheses and exoskeletons, which are personalized depending on the requirements of the person for whom they are intended. Despite the widespread use of additive manufacturing, mainly for rapid prototyping, there is relatively little information about the environmental impact of this process. This impact depends on the choice of 3D printer and the filament used in production. This paper attempts to conduct a comparative life cycle environmental analysis of two alternative versions of a product that was manufactured with the use of additive technologies. The structure of the product was identical and the research experiments consisted in changing the materials used in the additive manufacturing (from PLA to ABS). The effects of these changes on the environmental factors were observed and a direct comparison of the effects in the different factors was made. SimaPro software with implemented databases was used for the analysis. Missing information on the environmental impact of additive manufacturing of PLA and ABS parts was taken from the literature for the purpose of the study. The results of the research are presented in the paper.

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Acknowledgements

The work presented in the paper has been co-financed under grant no. 0613/SBAD/4710 and grant to maintain the research potential of Kazimierz Wielki University.

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Correspondence to Anna Dudkowiak .

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Dudkowiak, A., Dostatni, E., Rojek, I., Mikołajewski, D. (2022). The Environmental Analysis of a Product Manufactured with the Use of an Additive Technology. In: Trojanowska, J., Kujawińska, A., Machado, J., Pavlenko, I. (eds) Advances in Manufacturing III. MANUFACTURING 2022. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99310-8_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-99310-8_7

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