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Methodology and Relevant Results About an Area-Based Conservation Indicator of Superficial Water Bodies for the Grijalva Basin

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Superficial water bodies play a fundamental role in ecological and socioeconomic terms. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate methods to know which may be losing their persistence over time. In this manuscript, the methodology and main results of the spatial analysis process utilized for generating an area-based conservation indicator are presented. Binary monthly water-no-water layers were obtained from the processing of SAR Sentinel 1a images. A spatial layer of water bodies built with data from three decades served as a reference to obtain the indicators of change with respect to the area registered in this multi-year layer. Considering that the monthly indicator was calculated as a percentage of its area in the multiannual reference layer, the obtained results can be defined as long-term change indicators. It is concluded that some water bodies considered permanent in the multiannual reference layer did not cover, during the study period (2016–2018), the values of the area recorded in that layer, but that most remained close to those values. A 30% reduction in the area covered by these bodies in the reference layer was observed. Regarding temporary water bodies, these were detected with a reduction of more than 80% as compared to the value in the reference layer, which may be an indicator of their gradual loss process. The information generated can be used for management and conservation purposes at the regional and local levels of water bodies.

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Notes

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    Mentioned in the acknowledgements.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Mexican research project “PROYECTO FORDECYT-2018-10. ANALYSIS AND MONITORING OF THE GROWTH OF THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND THE BEHAVIOR OF WATER BODIES FROM A SUSTAINABILITY APPROACH; CASE STUDIES: CORREDOR METROPOLITANO CENTRO PAÍS Y CUENCA DEL GRIJALVA”, its coordinator Dr. Elvia Martínez, its collaborators and the financing fund CONACYT. This article is a product of that project.

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Correspondence to Felipe Omar Tapia-Silva .

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Tapia-Silva, F.O., Ramírez-González, A.O., López-Gonzaga, J.L. (2022). Methodology and Relevant Results About an Area-Based Conservation Indicator of Superficial Water Bodies for the Grijalva Basin. In: Tapia-McClung, R., Sánchez-Siordia, O., González-Zuccolotto, K., Carlos-Martínez, H. (eds) Advances in Geospatial Data Science. iGISc 2021. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-98096-2_7

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