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Geomatics Assessment of Water Resources in a Transboundary Basin

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Usumacinta is a transboundary basin located between Mexico and Guatemala. Human activities in the last decades have impacted this basin. Consequently, it has impacted water resources also. This research was implemented the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response framework (DPSIR), and it has been enriched with the geomatics approach to figure out the main factors that alter water resources and optimize the management strategies. However, this article only talks about Drivers-Pressures-State directly related to water availability. Drivers are the water requirements for urban-public use, agricultural use, industrial use, and other uses. Pressures are changes in surface water bodies and increased agricultural frontier. Finally, indicators of State are water balance and water availability. The analysis results show that even though the Usumacinta River is one of the largest rivers in Mexico and Central America, the municipalities within the basin have a deficit in their local water availability.

Keywords

  • Transboundary basin
  • Water availability
  • Water balance
  • Consumption of water

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Alvarado-Arriaga, V.Y., Tapia-Silva, F.O., Sosa-Rodríguez, F.S. (2022). Geomatics Assessment of Water Resources in a Transboundary Basin. In: Tapia-McClung, R., Sánchez-Siordia, O., González-Zuccolotto, K., Carlos-Martínez, H. (eds) Advances in Geospatial Data Science. iGISc 2021. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-98096-2_2

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