Skip to main content

Intrapreneurship in Tennis: Tell Me Who You Are... and I Will Tell You What Your Intentions Are

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Latin American and Iberian Entrepreneurship

Abstract

Intrapreneurship in sport has a positive effect on the performance and competitiveness of organisations. Intrapreneurs are able to discover new opportunities and exploit them by making use of innovation and risk-taking. However, studies on the antecedents of intrapreneurship intentions of employees in sports organisations are practically non-existent at present. Thus, the aim of this study is to find out the combination of conditions that generate high and low intrapreneurial intentions in employees of tennis centres. For the data collection, a questionnaire composed of previously validated scales was used. The data were analysed using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) methodology. The results showed four solutions for high intrapreneurship intentions that were able to explain 57% of the cases. The most explanatory solution was the combination of high levels of education*occupying a position of lower responsibility*low levels of satisfaction with recognition*high levels of satisfaction with relationships*high levels of satisfaction with promotion possibilities (consistency: 0.86; coverage: 0.35). In addition, the conditions being older, satisfaction with promotion possibilities and occupying positions of less responsibility were present in three of the four solutions. In contrast, for low levels of intrapreneurship intentions, three solutions were found that were able to explain 57% of the cases. The most explanatory solution was the combination of younger age*lower responsibility*high levels of relationship satisfaction (consistency: 0.84; coverage: 0.54). The results of this study present important practical implications for facilitating intrapreneurship within tennis centres and improving their competitiveness in the sports industry.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info
Hardcover Book
USD 159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Amabile, T. M. (1997). Entrepreneurial creativity through motivational synergy. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 31(1), 18–25.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Amo, B. W. (2010). Corporate entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship related to innovation behaviour among employees. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 2(2), 144–158.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. (2001). Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5), 495–527.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baena-Luna, P., & García-Río, E. (2021). El intraemprendimiento desde una perspectiva de género. una revisión sistemática de la literatura y una agenda de investigación. OBETS. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 16(1), 51–62.

    Google Scholar 

  • Battilana, J. (2006). Agency and institutions: The enabling role of individuals’ social position. Organization, 13(5), 653–676.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bernal-González, I., Pedraza-Melo, N. A., & Sánchez-Limón, M. L. (2015). El clima organizacional y su relación con la calidad de los servicios públicos de salud: diseño de un modelo teórico. Estudios Gerenciales, 31(134), 8–19.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blackburn, R., Delmar, F., Fayolle, A., & Welter, F. (2014). Entrepreneurship, people and Organisations: Frontiers in European entrepreneurship research. Edward Elgar.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Blanka, C. (2019). An individual-level perspective on intrapreneurship: A review and ways forward. Review of Managerial Science, 13(5), 919–961.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bosma, N., Wennekers, S., Guerrero, M., Amorós, J. E., Matiarena, A., & Singer, S. (2012). Global entrepreneurship monitor: Special report on entrepreneurial employee activity. Global Entrepreneurship Research Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brockhaus, R. H. (1980). Risk taking propensity of entrepreneurs. Academy of Management Journal, 23, 509–520.

    Google Scholar 

  • Calabuig, F., & González-Serrano, M. H. (2017). Mercado laboral deportivo: necesidad de entrepreneurs e intrapreneurs. En J. García-Fernández (coord.), Busca tu futuro: emprende en deporte (pp. 25–36). Aranzadi S.A.U.

    Google Scholar 

  • Camelo-Ordaz, C., Fernández-Alles, M., Ruiz-Navarro, J., & Sousa-Ginel, E. (2012). The intrapreneur and innovation in creative firms. International Small Business Journal, 30(5), 513–535.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Corbett, A. (2018). The myth of the intrapreneur. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org//06/the-myth-of-the-intrapreneur

  • Covin, J. G., & Slevin, D. P. (1991). A conceptual model of entrepreneurship as firm behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(1), 7–25.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Douglas, E. J., & Fitzsimmons, J. R. (2013). Intrapreneurial intentions versus entrepreneurial intentions: Distinct constructs with different antecedents. Small Business Economics, 41(1), 115–132.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Douglas, E. J., Shepherd, D. A., & Prentice, C. (2020). Using fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis for a finer-grained understanding of entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 35(1), 105970.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Escamilla-Fajardo, P., Núñez-Pomar, J., & Parra-Camacho, D. (2019). Does the organizational climate predict the innovation in sports clubs? Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 8(1), 103–121. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEPP-03-2019-104

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Escamilla-Fajardo, P., Núñez-Pomar, J., Prado-Gascó, V., & Ratten, V. (2020). HRM versus QCA: What affects the organizational climate in sports organizations? Sport in Society, 23(2), 264–279. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2019.1607306

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fiss, P. C. (2011). Building better causal theories: A fuzzy set approach to typologies in organization research. Academy of Management Journal, 54(2), 393–420.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fitzsimmons, J. R., & Douglas, E. J. (2011). Interaction between feasibility and desirability in the formation of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(4), 431–440.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gálvez-Ruiz, P., Grimaldi-Puyana, M., Sánchez-Oliver, A. J., Fernández-Gavira, J., & García-Fernández, J. (2017). Cultura organizacional y satisfacción laboral: Propiedades psicométricas de una escala en centros de fitness. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 26(4), 104–109.

    Google Scholar 

  • Garzón, M. (2005). Propuesta de modelo intraemprendedor para la innovación en organizaciones perdurables (pp. 122–138). Universidad & Empresa.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ginsberg, A. (1990). Connecting diversification to performance: A sociocognitive approach. Academy of Management Review, 15(3), 514–535.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gómez-Chacón, R., Pascua-Barón, D., & Fernández-Martínez, N. (2018). Evolución de las licencias federativas (1994 – 2016). Pádel vS Tenis. Materiales para la Historia del Deporte, 16, 43–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • González-Serrano, M. (2019). Intenciones de emprendimiento e intraemprendimiento de los estudiantes universitarios de ciencias del deporte: un enfoque multicultural (Doctoral Thesis). Universidad de Valencia.

    Google Scholar 

  • González-Serrano, M., Calabuig, F., Valantine, I., & Crespo, J. (2019). How to detect potential sport intrapreneurs? Validation of the intrapreneurial intention scale with sport science students. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 8(1), 40–61. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEPP-D-18-00093

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • González-Serrano, M., González-García, R., & Pérez-Campos, C. (2018). Entrepreneurial and intrapreneurial intentions of sports science students: What are their determinant variables? Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, 1363–1372. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.s3202

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Grimaldi-Puyana, M., Sánchez-Oliver, A. J., & Alcaraz-Rodríguez, V. (2018). Análisis y diferencias en satisfacción laboral de los recursos humanos y voluntarios con deportistas con discapacidad intelectual= analysis and differences in labor satisfaction of human resources and volunteers with athletes with intellectual disability. Materiales para la Historia del Deporte, 16, 16–23.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guerrero, M., & Peña-Legazkue, I. (2013). The effect of intrapreneurial experience on corporate venturing: Evidence from developed economies. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(3), 397–416.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gupta, V., MacMillan, I. C., & Surie, G. (2004). Entrepreneurial leadership: Developing and measuring a cross-cultural construct. Journal of Business Venturing, 19(2), 241–260.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Holienka, M., Holienková, J., & Holienka, M. (2018). Sports as a stepping-stone for entrepreneurship: Examining sports university students. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 66(6), 1485–1496. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201866061485

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hornsby, J. S., Kuratko, D. F., & Zahra, S. A. (2002). Middle Manager’s perception of the internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship: Assessing a measurement scale. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(1), 253–273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Howard-Grenville, J. A. (2007). Developing issue-selling effectiveness over time: Issue selling as re-sourcing. Organization Science, 18(4), 560–577.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson, K. L., & Wu, C. (2012). Creating entrepreneurial opportunities as a means to maintain entrepreneurial talent in corporations. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 25(3), 327–348.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kraus, S., Breier, M., Jones, P., & Hughes, M. (2019). Individual entrepreneurial orientation and intrapreneurship in the public sector. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 15(4), 1247–1268.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kraus, S., Ribeiro-Soriano, D., & Schüssler, M. (2018). Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) in entrepreneurship and innovation research–the rise of a method. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 14(1), 15–33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Krauss, S. I., Frese, M., Friedrich, C., & Unger, J. M. (2005). Entrepreneurial orientation: A psychological model of success among southern African small business owners. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 14(3), 315–344.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kuratko, D., Ireland, R., Covin, J., & Hornsby, J. (2005). A model of middle-level managers’ entrepreneurial behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(6), 699–716.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lara-Bocanegra, A., Bohórquez, M. R., & García-Fernández, J. (2021). Innovation from sport’s entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship: Opportunities from a systematic review. International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship, 14(3), 315–344.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ling, Y., Simsek, Z., Lubatkin, M. H., & Veiga, J. F. (2008). Transformational leadership’s role in promoting corporate entrepreneurship: Examining the CEO-TMT interface. Academy of Management Journal, 51(3), 557–576.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lumpkin, G. T. (2007). Intrapreneurship and innovation. In J. R. Baum, M. Frese, & R. A. Baron (Eds.), The psychology of entrepreneurship (pp. 237–263). Lawrence Erlbaum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lumpkin, G. T., & Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135–172.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Martiarena, A. (2013). What’s so entrepreneurial about intrapreneurs? Small Business Economics, 40(1), 27–39.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Menzel, H. C., Aaltio, I., & Ulijn, J. M. (2007). On the way to creativity: Engineers as intrapreneurs in organizations. Technovation, 27(12), 732–743.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meyerson, D. E., & Scully, M. A. (1995). Tempered radicalism and the politics of ambivalence and change. Organization Science, 6(5), 585–600.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ministerio Educación, Cultura y Deporte (MECD). (2021). Encuesta de Hábitos deportivos en España 2020. Secretaría General Técnica. Subdirección General de Atención al ciudadano, Documentación y Publicaciones. Retrieved from https://www.culturaydeporte.gob.es/servicios-al-ciudadano/estadisticas/deportes/encuesta-habitos-deportivos-en-espana.html

    Google Scholar 

  • Moriano, J., Molero, F., Topa, G., & Lévy, J. (2014). The influence of transformational leadership and organizational identification on intrapreneurship. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 10, 103–119.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moriano, J., Topa, G., Valero, E., & Lévy, J. (2009). Identificación organizacional y conducta “intraemprendedora”. Anales de Psicología, 25(2), 277–287.

    Google Scholar 

  • Morris, M. H., & Kuratko, D. F. (2002). Corporate entrepreneurship - entrepreneurial development within organizations. Harcourt, Inc..

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakhaei, A., Farahani, A., Abbasnejad, E., & Talebpour, M. (2013). The relationship between cultural intelligence and its dimensions with organizational entrepreneurship. Advances in Environmental Biology, 7(8), 1348–1355.

    Google Scholar 

  • Parker, S. C. (2011). Intrapreneurship or entrepreneurship? Journal of Business Venturing, 26(1), 19–34.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pinchot, G. (1985). Intrapreneuring: Why you don’t have to leave the corporation to become an entrepreneur. Harper & Row.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pinchot, G., & Pellman, R. (1999). Intrapreneuring in action: A handbook for business innovation. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pinchot, G., & Soltanifar, M. (2021). Digital intrapreneurship: The corporate solution to a rapid digitalisation. In Digital Entrepreneurship (pp. 233–262). Springer.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Ragin, C. C. (2008). Redesigning social inquiry: Fuzzy sets and beyond. University of Chicago Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Ragin, C. C., & Fiss, P. C. (2008). Net effects analysis versus configurational analysis: An empiricaldemonstration. Redesigning social inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond, 240, 190–212.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ratten, V. (2012). Sport entrepreneurship: Challenges and directions for future research. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 4(1), 65–76. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEV.2012.044819

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ratten, V., & Ferreira, J. (2017). Entrepreneurship, innovation and sport policy: Implications for future research. International Journal of Sport Policy, 9(4), 575–577.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ratten, V., & Tajeddini, K. (2019). Editorial: Entrepreneurship and sport business research: Synthesis and lessons: Introduction to the special journal issue. International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 19(1–2), 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Razavi, S. H., & Ab-Aziz, K. (2017). The dynamics between entrepreneurial orientation, transformational leadership, and intrapreneurial intention in Iranian R & D sector. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 23(5), 769–792.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ribeiro, D., & Comeche, J. M. (2007). Transmitting the entrepreneurial spirit to the work team in SMEs: The importance of leadership. Management Decision, 45(7), 1102–1122.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rigtering, J. P. C., & Weitzel, U. (2013). Work context and employee behaviour as antecedents for intrapreneurship. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(3), 337–360.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rodríguez, A., Paz-Retamal, M., Lizana J. N., & Cornejo, F. (2011). Clima y satisfacción laboral como predictores del desempeño en una organización estatal chilena. Salud & Sociedad, 2(2), 219–234.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sajadi, S., Rahmani, F., & Esmaii, S. (2017). The relationship between intellectual capital and organizational entrepreneurship physical education departments at universities in Kerman (a case study). Helix, 7(2), 1063–1067.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schneider, M. R., Schulze-Bentrop, C., & Paunescu, M. (2010). Mapping the institutional capital of high-tech firms: A fuzzy-set analysis of capitalist variety and export performance. Journal of International Business Studies, 41(2), 246–266.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Seifari, M., & Amoozadeh, Z. (2014). The relationship of organizational culture and entrepreneurship with effectiveness in sport organizations. Annals of Applied Sport Science, 2(3), 51–60.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sereikhuoch, E., & Woodside, A. G. (2012). Configural analysis of the drinking man: Fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analyses. Addictive Behaviors, 37, 541–543.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Stull, M. & Singh, J. (2005). Intrapreneurship in nonprofit organizations examining the factors that facilitate entrepreneurial behaviour among employees. Retrieved March 2020, from http://weatherhead.case.edu/edm/archive/details.cfm?id=7635

  • Thompson, P., Jones-Evans, D., & Kwong, C. C. Y. (2010). Education and entrepreneurial activity: A comparison of white and south Asian men. International Small Business Journal, 28(2), 147–162.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Urbano, D., & Turró, A. (2013). Conditioning factors for corporate entrepreneurship: An in (ex) ternal approach. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 9(3), 379–396.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wakkee, I., Elfring, T., & Monaghan, S. (2008). Creating entrepreneurial employees in traditional service sectors. The role of coaching and self-efficacy. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6, 1–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Warr, P., Cook, J., & Wall, T. (1979). Scales for the measurement of some work attitudes and aspects of psychological Well-being. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 52, 129–148.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Woodside, A. G. (2013). Moving beyond multiple regression analysis to algorithms: Calling for adoption of a paradigm shift from symmetric to asymmetric thinking in data analysis and crafting theory. Journal of Business Research, 66, 463–472.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu, J. (2009). Entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial intent and new venture creation: Test of a framework in a Chinese context (doctoral thesis). Virginia Tech, EEUU.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The first author of this work has been supported by a predoctoral contract for the development of the University of Seville’s own I + D + I programme in areas of special attention - VI Plan Propio de Investigación y Transferencia de la Universidad de Sevilla (VI-PPITUS).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alejandro Lara-Bocanegra .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Lara-Bocanegra, A., García-Fernández, J., Bohórquez, M.R., González-Serrano, M.H. (2022). Intrapreneurship in Tennis: Tell Me Who You Are... and I Will Tell You What Your Intentions Are. In: Leitão, J., Ratten, V., Braga, V. (eds) Latin American and Iberian Entrepreneurship. Contributions to Management Science. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-97699-6_9

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics