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Predicting Geological Material Types Using Ground Penetrating Radar

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AI 2021: Advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI 2022)

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This paper presents a new machine learning feature extraction methodology for the identification of material transitions in a lateritic bauxite deposit using ground penetrating radar (GPR). This meth-odology allows for model results that quantitatively outperform typical feature extraction processes whilst providing qualitatively useful results. The geological domain in which this process was applied has a relatively large transition zone, which weakens the GPR characteristics that the typical feature extraction processes rely upon. While training on depth (92% accuracy), time and frequency (50–68% accuracy), wavelet decomposition (69% accuracy), and multi-signal fusion (50% accuracy) feature spaces produces results of varying quantitative success, all of them result in qualitatively poor results, often with results looking like white noise. Our proposed feature, Gaussian Ridge Extraction (GRE), achieves an accuracy of 83% while producing an estimate that is qualitatively reasonable. Combining GRE with a reduced set of features from the originally explored feature sets improves model accuracy to 87% and further strengthens the visual, qualitative estimate of the boundary transition.

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Fleming, O., Ball, A., Khushaba, R.N. (2022). Predicting Geological Material Types Using Ground Penetrating Radar. In: Long, G., Yu, X., Wang, S. (eds) AI 2021: Advances in Artificial Intelligence. AI 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 13151. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-97545-6

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