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Traction and Charging Systems for an Electric Motorcycle

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Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities (SESC 2021)

Abstract

Low energy consumption vehicles such as Electric Motorcycles (EMs) are a very viable solution to reduce energy consumption in the transportation sector. Due to their low power and weight, EMs have high energy efficiency and are optimized for urban transit. In this context, it becomes necessary to develop systems prototypes for any type of Electric Vehicles (EVs). Therefore, the focus of this paper is the implementation of traction and charging systems for an EM. The traction system is composed by a DC motor and a power converter that operates the motor. The power converter control allows the motor to operate in different modes. Besides, the traction system’s input is a hand accelerator/brake that can control the motor speed/torque. The charging system acts as an interface between the power grid and the motorcycle system. With this, the first stage of the charger is AC-DC rectification that, besides regulating the DC-link voltage, should also act as a Power Factor Corrector (PFC) and consume a sinusoidal current from the power grid. The charger should also ensure the battery’s safety and offer the possibility of regulating the charging rate. This paper details the development of traction and charging systems from the presentation of topologies to the computational simulations, and respective experimental tests and validation.

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Acknowledgments

This work has been supported by FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope: UIDB/00319/2020. This work has been supported by the FCT Project DAIPESEV PTDC/EEI-EEE/30382/2017. Mr. Tiago J. C. Sousa is supported by the doctoral scholarship SFRH/BD/134353/2017 granted by the Portuguese FCT agency.

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Correspondence to Delfim Pedrosa .

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Carvalho, J., Sousa, T.J.C., Pedrosa, D. (2022). Traction and Charging Systems for an Electric Motorcycle. In: Afonso, J.L., Monteiro, V., Pinto, J.G. (eds) Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities. SESC 2021. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol 425. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-97027-7_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-97027-7_10

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

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  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-97027-7

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