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Eco-Friendly Ceramic Membranes from Inexpensive Raw Materials and Their Applications

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Abstract

Ceramic membranes provide several advantages over polymeric membranes owing to their outstanding chemical, mechanical and thermal stability, fouling resistance, and longer lifetime. However, industrial applications of commercial ceramic membranes are limited owing to economic constraints, including high-priced raw materials and the necessity of elevated sintering temperatures. Therefore, the fabrication of ceramic membranes from inexpensive and locally abundant raw materials has been gaining interest in recent times. Therefore, several research studies were carried out to produce highly porous and stable ceramic membranes by selecting suitable low-cost raw materials with appropriate additives, including pore formers, binders, and plasticizers. In the present chapter, the recent research studies on the fabrication of ceramic membranes from inexpensive raw materials including kaolin, ball clay, bentonite, perlite, fly ash, rice husk ash, natural pozzolan, etc., are discussed elaborately. Furthermore, the applications of low-cost ceramic membranes are also highlighted in this chapter.

Keywords

  • Ceramic membrane
  • Inexpensive
  • Raw materials
  • Applications

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-96554-9_56
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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India (File No: EEQ/2018/001432).

Declaration of Competing Interest

The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

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Lakshmi Sandhya Rani, S., Vinoth Kumar, R. (2022). Eco-Friendly Ceramic Membranes from Inexpensive Raw Materials and Their Applications. In: Ratan, J.K., Sahu, D., Pandhare, N.N., Bhavanam, A. (eds) Advances in Chemical, Bio and Environmental Engineering. CHEMBIOEN 2021. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-96554-9_56

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