Skip to main content

Red-Legged Partridge Monitoring and Population Trends

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
The Future of the Red-legged Partridge

Abstract

Thanks to the Pan-European Common Birds Monitoring Scheme and Breeding Bird Survey, the temporal changes in abundance of the Red-legged Partridge are known in most countries of its area of distribution. However, these are based on abundance indices and no strong inference is possible about potential causes of local trends. Robust estimates of abundance or densities at national scale are still lacking. Information from hunting bags cannot be used owing to the inclusion of released Red-legged Partridges in those numbers. Even in the absence of released individuals in hunting bags, these estimates cannot be used owing to a lack of knowledge of variations in reporting behaviour in Europe and potential age-specific mortality.

Numbers at the local scale are obtained using similar (although not equal) methods across countries based on line/point transect methods. Given that some capture-recapture studies have been carried out from time to time in most of the distribution range, their results could help to estimate the demographic parameters required for management.

Finally, given that these common methods are applied with, possibly, some avoidable differences, a more integrative strategy of methodological design and spatial sampling may make it possible to extrapolate estimates from regional to national/continental scale, and to provide assessments of abundance as well as spatial and temporal variation in Red-legged Partridge population size. This global approach may increase the current value of monitoring to all stakeholders interested in Red-legged Partridges.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. 1.

    Combined Red-legged and Grey Partridges.

References

  • Abadi F, Gimenez O, Arlettaz R, Schaub M (2010) An assessment of integrated population models: bias, accuracy, and violation of the assumption of independence. Ecology 91:7–14

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Abadi F, Gimenez O, Jakober H, Stauber W, Arlettaz R, Schaub M (2012) Estimating the strength of density dependence in the presence of observation errors using integrated population models. Ecol Model 242:1–9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aebischer NJ (2019) Fifty-year trends in UK hunting bags of birds and mammals, and calibrated estimation of national bag size, using GWCT’s National Gamebag Census. Eur J Wildl Res 65(64):1–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Alonso ME, Pérez JA, Gaudioso VR, Diéz C, Prieto R (2005) Study of survival, dispersal and home range of autumn-released red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa). Br Poult Sci 46:401–406

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Arnold TW, Clark RG, Koons DN, Schaub M (2018) Integrated population models facilitate ecological understanding and improved management decisions. J Wildl Manag 82(2):266–274

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Arroyo B, Guzmán JL (2016) Fenología de la reproducción de la perdiz roja en Castilla la Mancha 2010-2015: implicaciones para las fechas de cierre de la caza con reclamo. Report for Junta de Comunidades de Castilla la Mancha

    Google Scholar 

  • Arroyo B, Mougeot F (2022) Perdiz roja Alectoris rufa. In: III Atlas de aves en época de reproducción en España. SEO/Birdlife

    Google Scholar 

  • Arroyo B, Nadal J (2021) Perdiu Roja Alectoris rufa. In: Franch M, Herrando S, Anton M, Villero D, Brotons L (eds) Atles d’ocells nidificants de Catalunya. Distribuició i abundancia 2015–2018 i canvi des de 1980. ICO/Cossetània Edicions, Barcelona, pp 116–117

    Google Scholar 

  • Arroyo B, Cabodevilla X, Estrada A, Jiménez J (2019) Cálculo de densidades y tendencias de perdiz roja en Castilla-la Mancha. Report for Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha

    Google Scholar 

  • Aubry P, Anstett L, Ferrand Y, Reitz F, Klein F, Ruette S, Sarasa M, Arnauduc J-P, Migot P (2016) Enquête nationale sur les tableaux de chasse à tir. Saison 2013-2014 – Résultats nationaux. Faune Sauvage 310:8

    Google Scholar 

  • Balmer DE, Gillings S, Caffrey BJ, Swann RL, Downie IS, Fuller RJ (2013) Bird atlas 2007–11: the breeding and wintering birds of Britain and Ireland. BTO Books, Thetford

    Google Scholar 

  • Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, Hill DA (1992) Bird census techniques, 1st edn. Academic Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Blanco-Aguiar JA (2007) Variación espacial en la biología de la Perdiz Roja (Alectoris rufa): Una aproximación multidisciplinar. PhD Thesis, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Google Scholar 

  • Blanco-Aguiar JA, González-Jara P, Ferrero ME, Sánchez-Barbudo I, Virgós E, Villafuerte R, Dávila JA (2008) Assessment of game restocking contributions to anthropogenic hybridization: the case of the Iberian red-legged partridge. Anim Conserv 11:535–545

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blanco-Aguiar JA, Delibes-Mateos M, Arroyo B, Ferreras P, Casas F, Real R, Vargas JM, Villafuerte R, Viñuela J (2012) Is the interaction between rabbit hemorrhagic disease and hyperpredation by raptors a major cause of the red-legged partridge decline in Spain? Eur J Wildl Res 58:433–439

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blondel J (1969) Méthodes de dénombrement des populations d’oiseaux. In: Lamotte M, Bourliere F (eds) Problème d’écologie: l'échantillonnage des peuplements animaux des milieux terrestes. Masson & Cie, Paris, pp 97–151

    Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Rego F, Pinto PV (1996) Is driven transect sampling suitable for estimating red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa densities? Wildl Biol 2:259–268

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Rego F, Vaz Pinto P (1997) Demographic trends of red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in southern Portugal after implementation of management actions. Gibier Faune Sauvage 14:585–599

    Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Rito A, Rego F, Simões H, Pinto PV (1998) Summer distribution of red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa in relation to water availability on Mediterranean farmland. Ibis 140:620–625

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Carvalho S, Rego F, Vaz Pinto P (1999) Habitat correlates of red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) breeding density on mediterranean farmland. Revue d'Ecologie 54:59–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Carvalho J, Vaz Pinto P, Bugalho J (2000a) Gestão Cinegética e Evolução Demográfica de Duas Populações de Perdiz-Vermelha (Alectoris rufa) do Centro e Sul de Portugal. Silva Lusitana 8:49–59

    Google Scholar 

  • Borralho R, Stoate C, Araújo M (2000b) Factors affecting the distribution of red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa in an agricultural landscape of southern Portugal. Bird Study 47:304–310

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boutin J, Roux D, Eraud C (2003) Breeding bird monitoring in France: the ACT survey. Ornis Hungarica 12:1–2

    Google Scholar 

  • Brun J-C, Aubineau J (1995) Méthode de suivi des populations de perdrix grises et rouges en milieu bocager: l'indice de prospection des linéaires (IPL). Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage

    Google Scholar 

  • Brun J-C, Che P, Aubineau J (1990) Comparaison de trois méthodes de dénombrement de perdrix (Alectoris rufa et Perdix perdix) en milieu bocager. Gibier Faune Sauvage 7:127–144

    Google Scholar 

  • Buckland ST, Anderson DR, Burnham KP, Laake JL (1993) Distance sampling. Estimating abundance of biological populations. Chapman & Hall, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Buckland ST, Anderson D, Burnham KP, Laake J, Borchers D, Thomas L (2004) Advanced distance sampling: estimating abundance of biological populations. Oxford University Press, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Buenestado FJ, Ferreras P, Blanco-Aguiar JA, Tortosa FS, Villafuerte R (2009) Survival and causes of mortality among wild red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa in southern Spain: implications for conservation. Ibis 151:720–730

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Burnham KP, Anderson DR, Laake JL (1980) Estimation of density from line transect sampling of biological populations. Wildlife 72:3–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Cabodevilla X, Estrada A, Mougeot F, Jimenez J, Arroyo B (2021) Farmland composition and farming practices explain spatio-temporal variations in red-legged partridge density in central Spain. Sci Total Environ 799:149406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.149406

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Caro J, Delibes-Mateos M, Vicente J, Arroyo B (2014) A quantitative assessment of the release of farm-reared red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) for shooting in Central Spain. Eur J Wildl Res 60:919–926

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Caro J, Delibes-Mateos M, Viñuela J, López-Lucero JF, Arroyo B (2015) Improving decision-making for sustainable hunting: regulatory mechanisms of hunting pressure in red-legged partridge. Sustain Sci 10:479–489

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carrascal LM (2011) Data, preconceived notions and methods: the case of population sizes of common breeding birds in Spain. Ardeola 58:371–385

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Carvalho J, Castro-Pereira D, Capelo M, Borralho R (1998) Red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) restocking programs: their success and implications on the breeding population. Gibier Faune Sauvage 15:465–474

    Google Scholar 

  • Casas F, Arroyo B, Viñuela J, Guzmán JL, Mougeot F (2016) Are farm-reared red-legged partridge releases increasing hunting pressure on wild breeding partridges in Central Spain? Eur J Wildl Res 62:79–84

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chiatante G, Meriggi A, Giustini D, Baldaccini NE (2013) Density and habitat requirements of red-legged partridge on Elba Island (Tuscan archipelago, Italy). Ital J Zool 80:402–411

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cormack RM (1964) Estimates of survival from the sighting of marked animals. Biometrika 51:429–438

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dail D, Madsen L (2011) Models for estimating abundance from repeated counts of an open metapopulation. Biometrics 67:577–587

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • de Valpine P, Hastings A (2002) Fitting population models incorporating process noise and observation error. Ecol Monogr 72:57–76

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eraud C, Boutin J-M, Roux D, Faivre B (2007) Spatial dynamics of an invasive bird species assessed using robust design occupancy analysis: the case of the Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto) in France. J Biogeogr 34:1077–1086

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ewald J, Kingdon N, Santin-Janin H (2009) The GWCT partridge count scheme: a volunteer-based monitoring and conservation promotion. In: Cederbaum SB, Faircloth BC, Terhune TM, Thompson JJ, Carroll JP (eds) Gamebird 2006: a joint conference of quail VI and Perdrix XII. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, Athens, GA, pp 27–37

    Google Scholar 

  • Farthouat J (1983) Expérimentations de méthodes de recensement des perdrix rouges (Alectoris rufa) dans le sud de la France. In: XVth Congress International Union of Game Biologists, Trujillo, Spain, pp 709–719

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferri M (1985) Starne e Pernici rosse in provincia di Modena. Amministrazione provinciale di Modena

    Google Scholar 

  • Field RH, Gregory RD (1999) Measuring population changes from the breeding bird survey. Research report no. 217, British Trust for Ornithology

    Google Scholar 

  • Gariboldi A (2006) Ecologia della pernice rossa, Alectoris rufa, all’Isola d’Elba. Rivista italiana di Ornitologia 75:97–118

    Google Scholar 

  • Gibbons DW, Gregory RD (2006) Birds. In: Sutherland WJ (ed) Ecological census techniques. A handbook. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 308–350

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Gibbons DW, Reid JB, Chapman RA (1993) The new atlas of breeding birds in Britain and Ireland: 1988–1991. T. & A.D. Poyser, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Gortázar C, Villafuerte R, Escudero MA, Marco J (2002) Post-breeding densities of the red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) in agrosystems: a large-scale study in Aragón, northeastern Spain. Z Jagdwiss 48:94–101

    Google Scholar 

  • Harris SJ, Massimino D, Balmer DE, Eaton MA, Noble DG, Pearce-Higgins JW, Woodcock P, Gillings S (2020) The breeding bird survey 2019. BTO research report 726. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK

    Google Scholar 

  • Jakob C, Ponce-Boutin F, Besnard A, Eraud C (2010) On the efficiency of using song playback during call count surveys of red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa). Eur J Wildl Res 56:907–913

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jakob C, Ponce-Boutin F, Besnard A (2014) Coping with heterogeneity to detect species on a large scale: N-mixture modeling applied to red-legged partridge abundance. J Wildl Manag 78:540–549

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Järvinen O, Väisänen R (1975) Estimating relative densities of breeding birds by the line transect method. Oikos 26:316–322

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jiguet F (2016) Les résultats nationaux du programme STOC de 1989 à 2015. La perdrix rouge. http://vigienature.mnhn.fr/page/perdrix-rouge

  • Jiguet F, Julliard R (2006) Inferences from common species communities for selecting conservation areas. Biodivers Conserv 15:799–815

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jolly GM (1965) Explicit estimates from capture-recapture data with both death and immigration-stochastic model. Biometrika 52:225–247

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kendall WL, Nichols JD (1995) On the use of secondary capture-recapture samples to estimate temporary emigration and breeding proportions. J Appl Stat 22:751–762

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kendall WL, Nichols JD, Hines JE (1997) Estimating temporary emigration using capture-recapture data with Pollock’s robust design. Ecology 78:563–578

    Google Scholar 

  • Kendall WL, White GC, Hines JE, Langtimm CA, Yoshizaki J (2012) Estimating parameters of hidden Markov models based on marked individuals: use of robust design data. Ecology 93:913–920

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kéry M, Royle JA, Schmid H (2005) Modeling avian abundance from replicated counts using binomial mixture models. Ecol Appl 15:1450–1461

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Koenker R (2016) quantreg: Quantile Regression. R package version 5.24. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=quantreg

  • Lebreton JD, Gimenez O (2013) Detecting and estimating density dependence in wildlife populations. J Wildl Manag 77:12–23

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lebreton JD, Burnham KP, Clobert J, Anderson DR (1992) Modeling survival and testing biological hypotheses using marked animals: a unified approach with case-studies. Ecol Monogr 62:67–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lebreton JD, Nichols JD, Barker RJ, Pradel R, Spendelow JA (2009) Modeling individual animal histories with multistate capture-recapture models. Adv Ecol Res 41:87–173

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Marchant JH, Hudson R, Carter SP, Whittington P (1990) Population trends in British breeding birds. British Trust for Ornithology, Tring

    Google Scholar 

  • Mascarino A (2015) Aspetti dell’ecologia del fagiano (Phasianus colchicus, L. 1758) e della pernice rossa (Alectoris rufa, L. 1758) in Aree Protette della Provincia di Alessandria. Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell'Ambiente, Pavia

    Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A (1992) Estatus y gestion de las poblaciones de perdiz roja en Italia. In: La Perdiz roja - Gestìon del Hàbitat. Barcelona, AEDOS Editorial S.A., pp 101–108

    Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Mazzoni della Stella R (2004) Dynamics of a reintroduced population of red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa in Central Italy. Wildl Biol 2004:1–9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Zacchetti D (1989) Distribuzione e consistenza di una popolazione di Pernice rossa (Alectoris rufa) nell'Appennino settentrionale. Rivista italiana di Ornitologia 59:25–32

    Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Saino N, Montagna D, Zacchetti D (1992) Influence of habitat on density and breeding success of grey and red-legged partridges. Bollettino di Zoologia 59:289–295

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Merli E, Brangi A, Cocco L (2000) Revisione del piano faunistico-venatorio della provincia di Pavia. Affinamento dei modelli analitici e delle metodologie gestionali per il raggiungimento e il mantenimento di densità ottimali di fauna. Thecnical Report. Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Biologia Animale, Pavia

    Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Mazzoni della Stella R, Brangi A, Ferloni M, Masseroni E, Merli E, Pompilio L (2007) The reintroduction of grey and red-legged partridges (Perdix perdix and Alectoris rufa) in Central Italy: a metapopulation approach. Ital J Zool 74:215–237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meriggi A, Nelli L, Chiatante G, Milanesi P, Cinerari CE, Dondina O, Perversi M, Dagradi V (2013) Attività di monitoraggio e predisposizione di documenti tecnico-gestionali propedeutici alla stesura del nuovo piano faunistico venatorio della provincia di Piacenza. Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell'Ambiente, Pavia

    Google Scholar 

  • Murgui E (2011) How many common breeding birds are there in Spain? A comparison of census methods and national population size estimates. Ardeola 58:343–364

    Google Scholar 

  • Olioso G (2015) Perdrix rouge Alectoris rufa. In: Issa N, Muller Y (eds) Atlas des oiseaux de France métropolitaine. Delachaux et Niestlé, p 1408

    Google Scholar 

  • PACEC (2006) The economic and environmental impact of sporting shooting in the UK. Public and Corporate Economic Consultants, London

    Google Scholar 

  • PACEC (2014) The value of shooting: the economic, environmental and social contribution of shooting sports to the UK. Public and Corporate Economic Consultants, Cambridge, UK

    Google Scholar 

  • Pépin D (1983) Utilisation et valeur de diverses méthodes d'estimation de la densité de la Perdrix rouge (Alectoris rufa) au printemps. In: XVth Congress International Union of Game Biologists. Trujillo, Spain, pp 725–735

    Google Scholar 

  • Pollock KH (1982) A capture-recapture design robust to unequal probability of capture. J Wildl Manag 46:752–757

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ponce-Boutin F (2000) La perdrix rouge. Faune Sauvage Cahiers Techniques 251:46–53

    Google Scholar 

  • Ponce-Boutin F, Crosnier A, Reitz F (2012) Situation de la perdrix rouge en France en 2008. Faune Sauvage 295:25–28. [in French]

    Google Scholar 

  • Potts GR (1986) The partridge: pesticides, predation and conservation. Collins, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Pradel R (2005) Multievent: an extension of multistate capture-recapture models to uncertain states. Biometrics 61:442–447

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Reino L, Borralho R, Arroyo B (2016) Influence of game crops on the distribution and productivity of red-legged partridges Alectoris rufa in Mediterranean woodlands. Eur J Wildl Res 62:609–617

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reitz F (2003) Le statut communal de la perdrix grise et de la perdrix rouge en France : résultats d'une enquête. Faune Sauvage 258:25–33

    Google Scholar 

  • Ricci J (1989) Une méthode de recensement des perdrix rouges (Alectoris rufa L.) au printemps par Indice Kilométrique d'Abondance (IKAPR) dans les agrosystèmes du midi-méditerranéen. Gibier Faune Sauvage 6:145–158

    Google Scholar 

  • Ricci J, Biadi F (1986) Le prélèvement cynégétique de perdrix rouges en France. Saison 1983-1984. Bulletin Mensuel de l'Office National de la Chasse 108:11–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Roux D, Body G, Eraud C, Dej F (2017) Suivi des populations nicheuses (1996–2017) et hivernantes (2000–2017). Rapport national d’observation “Oiseaux de passage.” ONCFS-FNC-FDC

    Google Scholar 

  • Royle JA (2004) N-mixture models for estimating population size from spatially replicated counts. Biometrics 60:108–115

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sanz-Aguilar A, De Pablo F, Donázar J (2015) Age-dependent survival of island vs. mainland populations of two avian scavengers: delving into migration costs. Oecologia 179:405–414

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Schaub M, Abadi F (2011) Integrated population models: a novel analysis framework for deeper insights into population dynamics. J Ornithol 152:227–237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schaub M, Pradel R (2004) Assessing the relative importance of different sources of mortality from recoveries of marked animals. Ecology 85:930–938

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Seber GAF (1965) A note on the multiple-recapture census. Biometrika 52:249–259

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • SEO/BirdLife (2013a) Resultados del programa SACIN 2008-2013. SEO/BirdLife, Madrid

    Google Scholar 

  • SEO/BirdLife (2013b) Resultados del programa SACRE 1996–2013. SEO/BirdLife, Madrid

    Google Scholar 

  • SEO/Birdlife (2020) Programas de seguimiento de avifauna y grupos de trabajo SEO/Biurdlife 2019. SEO/Birdlife, Madrid

    Google Scholar 

  • Sharrock JTR (1976) The atlas of breeding birds in Britain and Ireland. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford

    Google Scholar 

  • Souchay G, Gauthier G, Pradel R (2014) To breed or not: a novel approach to estimate breeding propensity and potential trade-offs in an Arctic-nesting species. Ecology 95:2745–2756

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Souchay G, Besnard A, Perrot C, Jakob C, Ponce F (2018) Anthropic and natural factors drive variation of survival in the red-legged partridge in southern France. Wildl Biol 2018(1). https://doi.org/10.2981/wlb.00438

  • Spanò S, Meriggi A (1980) Status and management of some populations of red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa L.) in Italy. In: Coles CL, Reydellet M, van Tuyll G, van Maltzahn L, Bugalho J (eds) Partridges of the Alectoris genus: proceedings of the symposium held in Athens on May 25th, 1979. Conseil International de la Chasse et de la Conservation du Gibier, Paris, pp 87–90

    Google Scholar 

  • Spanò S, Traverso G, Truffi G, Zacchetti D (1986) Distribuzione e consistenza della pernice rossa Alectoris rufa in Italia. In: Fasola M (ed) Atti III Convegno Italiano di Ornitologia. Università di Pavia, Pavia, pp 58–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Tapper S (1992) Game heritage. An ecological review from shooting and gamekeeping records. Game Conservancy, Fordingbridge

    Google Scholar 

  • ter Braak CJF, van Strien AJ, Meijer R, Verstrael TJ (1994) Analysis of monitoring data with many missing values: which method? In: Hagemeijer EJM, Verstrael TJ (eds) Bird numbers 1992. Distribution, monitoring and ecological aspects. Proceedings of the 12th international conference of IBCC and EOAC. Statistics Netherlands, Voorburg/Heerlen & SOVON, Beek-Ubbergen, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, pp 663–673

    Google Scholar 

  • Tizzani P, Negri E, Silvano F, Malacarne G, Meneguz PG (2012) Does the use of playback affect the estimated numbers of red–legged partridge Alectoris rufa? Anim Biodivers Conserv 35:429–435

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • van Strien A, Pannekoek J, Hagemeijer W, Verstrael T (2004) A loglinear Poisson regression method to analyse bird monitoring data. In: Anselin A (ed) Bird Numbers 1995, Proceedings of the International Conference and 13th Meeting of the European Bird Census Council, vol 13. Bird Census News, Pärnu, Estonia, pp 33–39

    Google Scholar 

  • Veronese F (2015) Fattori influenzanti la diffusione del Fagiano comune (Phasianus colchicus) e della Pernice rossa (Alectoris rufa) in aree della Pianura Padana Sudoccidentale. Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e dell'Ambiente, Pavia

    Google Scholar 

  • Villanúa D (2008) Parásitos de perdiz roja: Implicaciones para su aprovechamiento cinegético y conservación. CSIC-UCLM. In: Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward ID, Massimino D, Hammond MJ, Barber L, Barimore C, Harris SJ, Leech DI, Noble DG, Walker RH, Baillie SR, Robinson RA (2020) BirdTrends 2020: trends in numbers, breeding success and survival for UK breeding birds. BTO research report 732. British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK. www.bto.org/birdtrends

Download references

Acknowledgements

LR and MP were funded by the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT) through the grant SFRH/BPD/93079/2013 (LR) and SFRH/BPD/97025/2013 (MP) and by public funds available from the POPH/FSE.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Guillaume Souchay .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Souchay, G. et al. (2022). Red-Legged Partridge Monitoring and Population Trends. In: Casas, F., García, J.T. (eds) The Future of the Red-legged Partridge. Wildlife Research Monographs, vol 6. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-96341-5_10

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics