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Arno Riverbed Survey in Florence 1935 - 2019: From the Integrated Survey to the Geomatic Monitoring

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Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS,volume 1507)


On the 50th anniversary of the 1966 flood, the University of Florence, together with many other institutions, promoted the “Florence 2016 Project” by collecting materials, launching new research activities, supporting projects and events to obtain tangible results for the prevention of future disasters and identify good practices for the protection of people and of cultural, economic and environmental heritage. The paper aims to review how the Arno Hydrographic Office surveyed the river during World War Two by photogrammetry and classical topography and to compare the old surveys with the recent activities carried out as part of the Florence 2016 Project. By considering past and more recent surveys, it is possible to identify methodological approaches that retain their validity and to highlight the potentialities of innovative technologies that offer new perspectives for investigation and analysis.

In particular, GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) techniques offer an easy solution to survey georeferencing, with an evident advantage in repeatability and comparison of results, but a high precision survey needs a critical approach, so to aim at effective monitoring.


  • Hydrographic risk
  • Classical topography
  • Aerial photogrammetry
  • Mobile mapping systems
  • Bathymetric survey
  • 3D modelling
  • Geomatics
  • Monitoring

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The coordination committee of the project “Firenze 2016” consists of a long list of public and private bodies ( as members or partners. Dario Nardella and Enrico Rossi served as Co-Presidents, Prof. Giorgio Valentino Federici as Secretary.

The Italian Geographic Military Institute kindly made available to the project precious resources to support data georeferencing.

Daniele Ostuni participated in field survey campaigns.

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Correspondence to Paolo Aminti .

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Aminti, P., Bonora, V., Mugnai, F., Tucci, G. (2022). Arno Riverbed Survey in Florence 1935 - 2019: From the Integrated Survey to the Geomatic Monitoring. In: Borgogno-Mondino, E., Zamperlin, P. (eds) Geomatics and Geospatial Technologies. ASITA 2021. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1507. Springer, Cham.

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