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Problem-Solving and SARA

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The Crime Analyst's Companion

Abstract

Criminologist Herman Goldstein articulated the problem-oriented approach to policing (hereafter, POP) in 1979, recognising that many of the isolated incidents responded to by police are symptomatic of more substantive problems rooted within a disparate array of social and environmental conditions. The basic elements of problem-solving, and indeed problem-solving analysis, begin with grouping incidents as problems and putting them at the heart of policing – the problem becoming a unit of police work (Goldstein H, Problem oriented policing. Temple Univ. Pr, Philadelphia, 1990). The aim of problem-solving is to improve policing by enabling the most efficient use of our finite resources to serve the public effectively. In this chapter, we will work through the organisational theory of POP from the analyst perspective, broken down into two parts – the active role of the analyst in problem-solving and identifying suitable responses, followed by an extended breakdown of the stages in a SARA model and how you can become a problem-solving crime analyst.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    https://popcenter.asu.edu/pop-guides

  2. 2.

    https://popcenter.asu.edu/pop-guides

  3. 3.

    What Works Crime Reduction Toolkit https://whatworks.college.police.uk/toolkit/Pages/Welcome.aspx

  4. 4.

    Evidence-Based Policing Matrix https://cebcp.org/evidence-based-policing/the-matrix/

  5. 5.

    Crime Science Journal https://crimesciencejournal.biomedcentral.com/

  6. 6.

    Cambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing https://www.springer.com/journal/41887

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Correspondence to Iain Agar .

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Agar, I. (2022). Problem-Solving and SARA. In: Bland, M., Ariel, B., Ridgeon, N. (eds) The Crime Analyst's Companion. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-94364-6_14

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-94364-6_14

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-030-94363-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-030-94364-6

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