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Futures Mindmap

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Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)

Abstract

As Immanuel Wallerstein, founding father of the World Systems Theory, stated in his book Utopistics, or the historical options for the twentieth century: “I guess that, when systems work normally, determinism prevails on both individual and collective free will. However, in times of crisis and transition, the free will factor becomes key. The world of 2050 will be what we make of it.” Therefore, ignoring the complexity of the times that one lives in, while feeling wrongly safe in the comfort zone provided by determinism (and quantitative trend extrapolation) can prove highly ineffective as well as dangerous when trying to develop forward—looking activities.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-93882-6_4
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Bas, E. (2022). Futures Mindmap. In: Sharing and Collaborative Economy. SpringerBriefs in Economics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93882-6_4

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