Skip to main content

Diversity of Birds in Bidong Island

  • 83 Accesses

Part of the Geography of the Physical Environment book series (GEOPHY)

Abstract

Bidong Island is one of the least known islands in terms of birds; very few surveys have been conducted on this island. The island is part of a small archipelago called Bidong Laut, located to the northwest of Kuala Terengganu, on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. A total count of 30 bird species, from 19 families and 25 genera were found on this island between 2006 and 2020. Collected data (nine days) were analysed for biodiversity indices. Alpha diversity indices showed variations among sampling years, Simpson 1-D range 0.76–0.89; Shannon (H) range 1.74–2.48; species richness 8–16 species; dominance (D) range 0.11–0.24. Species richness estimators indicate that more species can be added with additional sampling and better coverage of the island area. The relatively low avian species richness compared to other east coast islands is discussed. Further surveys during migration season can reveal the importance of this island as a stop over site for several migratory species.

Keywords

  • Bidong Island
  • Bird diversity
  • Island
  • Malaysia
  • South China sea

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-91924-5_8
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-91924-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 8.1
Fig. 8.2
Fig. 8.3
Fig. 8.4

References

  • Abdullah F (2006) Diversity of beetles in the North East Langkawi Islands, Malaysia. Malay Nat J 57:419–431

    Google Scholar 

  • Adanan NA, Basari NO, Rosmidi FH, Pesiu EL, Abdullah MT (2016) Preliminary studies on bees at Pulau Bidong and Pulau Perhentian, Terengganu. J Sustain Sci Manag (1):36–40

    Google Scholar 

  • Armugam P (1981) Algal distribution in a Malaysian coral reef at Pulau Bidong Laut. Pertanika 4(1):99–102

    Google Scholar 

  • Azman NM, Sah SAM, Ahmad A, Rosely NF (2019) Contribution of rice fields to bird diversity in Peninsular Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana 48(9):1811–1821

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bonhote JLJ (1901) On the birds collected during the “Skeat Expedition” to the Malay Peninsula, 1899–1900. Zoological Society of London

    Google Scholar 

  • Bruce N (2018) eBird checklist: https://ebird.org/australia/checklist/S48900603. eBird: an online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. eBird, Ithaca, New York. http://www.ebird.org. Accessed 9th May 2021

  • Colwell RK (2013) EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 9.1.0. User's guide and application. http://purl.oclc.org/estimates. Accessed 10th Aug 2021

  • Cronk QCB (1997) Islands: stability, diversity, conservation. Biodivers Conserv 6:477–493

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • David G, Roslan A, Mamat M, Abdullah MT, Hamza A (2016) A brief survey on birds from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu. J Sustain Sci Manag Int Sem Straits Malacca South China Sea 11–18

    Google Scholar 

  • Dent DH, Wright SJ (2009) The future of tropical species in secondary forests: a quantitative review. Biol Conserv 142(12):2833–2843

    Google Scholar 

  • Duffy JE (2002) Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the consumer connection. Oikos 99:201–219

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gibson-Hill CA (1952) Ornithological Notes from the Raffles Museum 15, Notes on the Avifauna of Great Redang Island (Terengganu). Bullet Raffles Museum 24:220–240

    Google Scholar 

  • Grismer LL, Wood PL Jr, Ahmad AB, Sumarli AS-I, Vazquez JJ, Ismail LH, Nance R, Mohd-Amin MAB, Othman MN, Rizaijessika SA (2014) A new species of insular Rock Gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from the Bidong Archipelago, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3755:447–456

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD (2001) PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontol Electron 4(1):1–9

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamza A, Ho WC (2020) Updates on seabirds of the northern Seribuat Islands, Pahang, Malaysia. Mar Ornithol 48:1–7

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamza A, David G, Mcafee A, Tajuddin M (2018) Annotated checklist of avifauna in Pulau Bidong, Malaysia. J Sustain Sci Manag 13(1):105–118

    Google Scholar 

  • Hamza A, Wong CH, Ahmad A (2016) Pulau Ling: an important seabird hotspot on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. J Asia-Pacific Biodiv 9:437–442

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hamza AA, Wong CH, Ahmad A (2016) Rediscovery of least known breeding sites for seabirds in East Coast Peninsular Malaysia. Malay Nat J 68:121–129

    Google Scholar 

  • Hillebrand H, Blasius B, Borer ET, Chase JM, Downing JA, Eriksson BK, Filstrup CT, Harpole WS, Hodapp D, Larsen S, Lewandowska AM (2018) Biodiversity change is uncoupled from species richness trends: consequences for conservation and monitoring. J Appl Ecol 55(1):169–184

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hořák D, Ferenc M, Sedláček O, Motombi FN, Svoboda M, Altman J, Albrecht T, Djomo Nana E, Janeček Š, Dančák M, Majeský Ľ (2019) Forest structure determines spatial changes in avian communities along an elevational gradient in tropical Africa. J Biogeogr 46(11):2466–2478

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jamoneau A, Passy SI, Soininen J, Leboucher T, Tison-Rosebery J (2018) Beta diversity of diatom species and ecological guilds: response to environmental and spatial mechanisms along the stream watercourse. Freshw Biol 63(1):62–73

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Jeropakal AJ (1998) A study on clownfish (Amphiprion sp.) diversity and associate with sea anemone in some selected sites in Pulau Bidong and Pulau Redang. B.Sc. Thesis. Fakulti Perikanan dan Akua-Industri. Kolej Universiti Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia (KUSTEM)

    Google Scholar 

  • Jeyarajasingam A, Pearson A (2012) A field guide to the birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Oxford University Press, London, UK

    Google Scholar 

  • Khor HM (2002) Composition and distribution of corals and macroalgae in Pulau Bidong and the island's proposed management plan. Master thesis. Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Kolej Universiti Sains dan Teknologi Malaysia (KUSTEM)

    Google Scholar 

  • Kloss C (1911) On a collection of mammals and other vertebrates from the Terengganu Archipelago. J Fed Malay States Museums 4:175–212

    Google Scholar 

  • Koh LP, Sodhi NS, Tan HTW, Peh KSH (2002) Factors affecting the distribution of vascular plants, springtails, butterflies and birds on small tropical islands. J Biogeogr 29(1):93–108

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lack D (1970) Island birds. Biotropica 2(1):29–31

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lorenzo B, Kochzius M, Cardenosa D, Borsa P, Ambak MA, Joseph J (2016) Connectivity and population structure of Blacktip reef sharks, Carcharhinus melanopterus, in two islands in Terengganu, Malaysia. Book of Abstracts: Vliz Marine Scientist Day Vives, Brugge. http://pure.ilvo.vlaanderen.be/portal/files/4227992/VLIZ_2016_Book_of_asbtracts.pdf#page=32. Accessed 11th Aug 2017

  • McAfee A (2017) Birds of Terengganu: Burung-burung Di Negeri Terengganu. Penerbit Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin. pp157

    Google Scholar 

  • McGlynn T (2010) Effects of biogeography on community diversity. Nat Educ Knowl 1(8):32

    Google Scholar 

  • Nájera A, Simonetti JA (2010) Enhancing avifauna in commercial plantations. Conserv Biol 24(1):319–324

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Nakajima R, Yoshida T, Azman BAR, Yamazaki H, Toda T, Othman BHR, Effendy AWM (2013) A preliminary study of small scavenging crustaceans collected by baited traps in a coral reef of Bidong Island Malaysia. Malaysian J Sci 33(2):59–66

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ng PK, Yong HS, Sodhi NS (1999) Biodiversity research on Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia: a historical perspective. Raffles Bull of Zool 6:5–10

    Google Scholar 

  • Pesiu E, Abdullah MT, Salim J, Salam MR (2016) Tree species composition in Pulau Bidong and Pulau Redang. J Sustain Sci Manag (1):48–50

    Google Scholar 

  • Rahman A (2019) eBird checklist: https://ebird.org/malaysia/checklist/S54472874. eBird: An online database of bird distribution and abundance [web application]. eBird, Ithaca, New York. http://www.ebird.org. Accessed 9th May 2021

  • Ramli R, Ya’cob Z, Aimi F, Ezyan NH (2010) A survey of avifauna in Bachok District, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian J Sci 29:121–130

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Roslan A, David G, Ahmad NI (2016) Notes of Bats in Pulau Bidong and Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Malaysia. J Sustain Sci Manag Int Sem Straits Malacca South China Sea 2016:2026–2035

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosmidi FH, Zahidin MA, Adanan A, Azizah A, Pesiu E, Abdullah MT (2017) Checklist of butterflies in Pulau Perhentian and Pulau Bidong, Terengganu. J Sustain Sci Manag 12(1):40–48

    Google Scholar 

  • Sodhi NS, Briffett C, Lee BPY, Subaraj R (1999) An annotated checklist of the birds of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull Zool 6:125–130

    Google Scholar 

  • Tamblyn A, Turner C, O’Malley R, Hughes T, Hardingham S, Roberts H (2005) Malaysian tropical forest conservation project. Report of the Perhentian Phase, London, United Kingdom

    Google Scholar 

  • Teh T (2000) Sustainable development and environmental management of Malaysian islands. In: Islands in Malaysia: issues and challenges. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya, , pp 319–340

    Google Scholar 

  • Turner C, King T, O'Malley R, Cummings M, Raines P (2002) Danjugan Island Biodiversity survey: terrestrial. final report. Coral Cay Conservation Ltd., London, unpublished report. https://silo.tips/download/2-nd-danjugan-island-biodiversity-survey-terrestrial. Accessed 10th Aug 2021

  • Valente L, Illera JC, Havenstein K, Pallien T, Etienne RS, Tiedemann R (2017) Equilibrium bird species diversity in Atlantic islands. Curr Biol 27(11):1660–1666

    CAS  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Wells D, Round PD, Treesucon U (1999) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: covering Burma and Thailand south of the eleventh parallel. Academic Press, San Diego, Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore

    Google Scholar 

  • Wells DR (2007) The birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula Passerines of Passerines, vol 2. Christopher Helm, London, UK

    Google Scholar 

  • Wiens JJ (2011) The causes of species richness patterns across space, time, and clades and the role of “ecological limits.” Q R Biol 86(2):75–96

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Zakaria AA, Noor Aisyah AR, Abdullah MT (2017) Reptile diversity as an ecotourism attraction in Pulau Bidong. In: Mariapan M, Evelyn LAL, Isa SS, Karim MS, Hakeem KR (eds) Ecotourism potentials in Malaysia. Universiti Putra Malaysia

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Universiti Malaysia Terengganu for providing logistics during field surveys at Bidong Island. Thanks to students of the field course at Bidong who assisted in data collection, and to the reviewers for their valuable comments on an earlier version of this chapter.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Annex 1

Annex 1

figure b

A collage of selected species of birds from Bidong Island, numbers corresponding to species name at Table 8.3. Photo credits Anuar McAfee and A Hamza

Table 8.3 List of bird species from Bidong Island and its status, according to IUCN Red List and Wildlife Conservation Act (WCA2010). LC = Least Concern; TP = Totally Protected species; HS = Hunted species, NL = Not listed in WCA 2010

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Hamza, A., Mcafee, A., Ahmad, A. (2022). Diversity of Birds in Bidong Island. In: Chuan, O.M., Martin, M.B., Nurulnadia, M.Y., Afzan Azmi, W. (eds) Bidong Island. Geography of the Physical Environment. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91924-5_8

Download citation