Skip to main content

Adolescent Health in Saudi Arabia: Policy Dimensions

  • 35 Accesses

Part of the Global Perspectives on Health Geography book series (GPHG)

Abstract

Adolescents, the building blocks of society, in the Arabian Gulf region are presently booming to result in a demographic dividend influencing all sectors including health. The Arabian Gulf comprising of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and UAE is considered as a world resource-rich region; health needs and interventions as well as behavioral modifications are considered to be the upfront initiatives or investments by governments to promote the current and future prosperity of livelihoods and social well-being of the people. This paper focuses on the adolescent population (10–19 years, as defined by the World Health Organization) of Saudi Arabia, with the objectives of (i) consolidating the health needs of adolescents in relation to demand and supply, (ii) changing health interventions to account for adolescents’ priorities, and (iii) appraising the behavioral modification efforts by the governments in line with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This population goes through a transition not only from school to workplace but also in potential health risks, such as aging health status, morbidity, health-damaging habits, attitudes, food and beverages intake, and exposure to pollution and other unhealthy elements of society. Thus, this section deserves special attention of the community and broader policymaking agencies of concerned government, so as to groom them healthy and productive to the nation-building process.

Keywords

  • Arabian Gulf
  • Health interventions
  • Transition from school
  • Health concerns
  • Government policy

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-91790-6_6
  • Chapter length: 20 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-91790-6
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   139.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  • Abbas OA and Al Buhairan F. (2017). Predictors of adolescents’ mental health problems in Saudi Arabia: findings from the Jeeluna national study. Child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health; 11(Article Number 52): 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Al Agili DE; Park HK. (2013). Oral health status of male adolescent smokeless tobacco users in Saudi Arabia. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; 19(8): 711–719

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al Buhairan F (2010). Health care providers’ opinions of adolescent health care in Saudi Arabia. Journal of adolescent health; 46(2):11

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al Buhairan F, Nasim M, Al Otaibi A, Shaheen NA, Al Jaser S, Al Alwan I. (2016). Health related quality of life and family impact of type 1 diabetes among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Diabetes research and clinical practice; 114(1):173–179

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al Buhairan F, Olsson T. (2014). Advancing adolescent health and health services in Saudi Arabia: exploring health-care providers’ training, interest, and perceptions of the health-care needs of young people. Advances in Medical Education and Practice; 5(September): 281–287

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al Buhairan, FS. Tamim, H, Al Dubayee, M. Al Dhukair, S, Al Shehri, S., Tamimi W, et al. (2015). Time for an Adolescent Health Surveillance System in Saudi Arabia: Findings from “Jeeluna”; Journal of Adolescent Health 57(3): 263–269

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al-Hanawi MK, Khan SA and Al-Borie HM. (2019). Healthcare human resource development in Saudi Arabia: emerging challenges and opportunities—a critical review. Public Health Reviews; 40(1):1–16

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al-Hayek, AA; Robert, AA.; Abbas, HM.; et al. (2014). Assessment of health-related quality of life among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia. Saudi medical journal; 35(7): 712–717

    Google Scholar 

  • Al-Hazzaa HM and AlMarzooqi MA. (2018). Descriptive Analysis of Physical Activity Initiatives for Health Promotion in Saudi Arabia. Frontiers in Public Health; 6(Article 329):1-10

    Google Scholar 

  • Al-Hazzaa HM, Abahussain NA, Al-Sobayel HI, Qahwaji DM, et al. (2014). Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Abdominal Obesity among Urban Saudi Adolescents: Gender and Regional Variations. Journal of health and population nutrition; 32(4):634–645

    Google Scholar 

  • Alquaiz AM, Almuneef MA, Minhas HR. (2012). Knowledge, attitudes, and resources of sex education among female adolescents in public and private schools in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Medical Journal; 33(9): 1001–1009

    Google Scholar 

  • Alquaiz AM, Kazi A and Muneef MA. (2013). Determinants of sexual health knowledge in adolescent girls in schools of Riyadh-Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional study. BMC Women’s Health; 13 (Article 19)

    Google Scholar 

  • Alsubaie ASR. (2019). Exploring Sexual Behaviour and Associated Factors among Adolescents in Saudi Arabia: A Call to End Ignorance. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health; Vol. 9(1):76–80

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bajamal E, Robbins LB, Ling J, Smith B, Pfeiffer KA, Sharma D. (2017). Physical Activity Among Female Adolescents in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Health Promotion Model-Based Path Analysis. Nursing Research; 66 (6): 473–482

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Brindis CD and Moore K. 2014. Improving adolescent health policy: incorporating a framework for assessing state-level policies. Annual review of public health; 35 (1):343–361

    Google Scholar 

  • Chandra-Mouli V, Bloem P, Ferguson J. 2013. The World Health Organization’s work on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Bundesgesundheitsbl; 56(2):256–261

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fatima W, Alqhatani NSM and Ahmad NM. (2019). Assessment of Nutritional Status and its Related Factors among Female Adolescent Girls: A School based Study in Arar city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences; 8(2):133–144

    Google Scholar 

  • General Authority of Statistics, Various years. Various censuses, demographic surveys, national family/household health survey www.stats.gov.sa accessed during 2020 March–June.

  • Kazdouh HE, El-Ammari A, Bouftini S, Fakir SE and Achhab YE. (2019). Perceptions and intervention preferences of Moroccan adolescents, parents, and teachers regarding risks and protective factors for risky sexual behaviors leading to sexually transmitted infections in adolescents: qualitative findings. Reproductive Health; 16(1):138

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Khraif, RM, Salam AA, Elsegaey, I. et al., (2015). Changing Age Structures and Ageing Scenario of the Arab World. Social Indicators Research; 121 (3):763–785

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Al-Khraif R, Salam AA, Rashid, MFA. 2020. Family Demographic Transition in Saudi Arabia: Emerging Issues and Concerns. SAGE Open; 10(1):1–13

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mahfouz AA., Abdelmoneim, I, Al-Gelban, KS., et al. 2009. Adolescents’ mental health in Abha city, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Int J Psychiatry Med; 39(2):169–177

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Moradi-Lakeh M, ElBcheraoui C, Tuffaha M, et al. 2016. The health of Saudi youths: current challenges and future opportunities. BMC Fam Pract; 17(Article No. 26):1-9

    Google Scholar 

  • Moyser M; Amen B. 2020. Assessment of knowledge, readiness and barriers, female secondary school teachers and staff regarding adolescent mental health in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, School mental health; 12(3): 650–659

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Najjar S, Saadeh M, Al Buhairan F. 2018. Determinants of adolescents’ perceptions on access to health care services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Jeeluna national survey findings. King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh

    Google Scholar 

  • Obermeyer CM, Bott S, and Sassine AJ. (2015). Arab Adolescents: Health, Gender, and Social Context J Adolesc Health 57 (2015) 252–262

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Patton GC, Sawyer SM, Santelli JS, et al. (2016). Our future: a Lancet commission on adolescent health and wellbeing. Lancet 387(10036):2423–2478. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00579-1

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Salam AA and Mouselhy MA. 2013. Ageing in Saudi Arabia: Impact of demographic transition. Bold; 24(1):13–26

    Google Scholar 

  • Salam AA, Elsegaey I, Khraif R, et al. 2014. Population distribution and household conditions in Saudi Arabia: reflections from the 2010 Census. Springerplus; 3(1):1–13

    Google Scholar 

  • Salam AA, Alshekteria AA, Mohammed HAA, et al. (2012). Physical, mental, emotional and social health status of adolescents and youths in Benghazi, Libya, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal; 18(6): 586–597

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Saudi Arabia. (2013). Vision 2030: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Council of Economic and Development Affairs

    Google Scholar 

  • Tork, HMM & Alhosis KF. (2015). Effects of reproductive health education on knowledge and attitudes among female adolescents in Saudi Arabia. J Nurs Res; 23(3), 236–242

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • United Nations. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Knowledge Platform, Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations

    Google Scholar 

  • World Bank. Palestine’s Economic Outlook - October 2017. West Bank and Gaza. 2017 https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/westbankandgaza/publication/palestine-s-economic-outlook-october-2017.

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Asharaf Abdul Salam .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Salam, A.A., Rashid, M.F.A. (2022). Adolescent Health in Saudi Arabia: Policy Dimensions. In: Barakat, C., Al Anouti, F. (eds) Adolescent Mental Health in The Middle East and North Africa. Global Perspectives on Health Geography. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91790-6_6

Download citation